Showing posts with label indian society. Show all posts
Showing posts with label indian society. Show all posts

Tuesday, February 2, 2016

Myth of CASTE SYSTEM in India -It was Varna system

In ancient India society was based upon the varna (class) according to their vocation.
Four orders of society were recognized based upon the four duties of human beings and established society accordingly. These four groups were the Brahmins, the priests or teacher class; the Kshatriya, the nobility or administrative class; the Vaishya, the merchants and farmers; and the Shudras or helpers for above all.
These four orders of society were called "varna", which means a "veil". As color it does not refer to the color of the skin of people, but to the qualities or energies of human nature. As a veil it shows the four different ways in which the Divine Self is hidden in human beings.
In ancient India, these divisions were not based on birth but based on qualifications. According to the Bhagavad Gita this Aryan family system started breaking down in India at the time of attacks of Mlechhas .Hence after so many years this system of determining natural aptitude has degenerated into the caste system which resembles it now only in form.
1. The Suta and the Magadha were traditionally the bards and the chroniclers, in fact the preservers of the early Indian historical tradition. They were close to the king not only because of their profession, but we are told that the presence of the Suta was essential to one of the rites in a royal sacrifice.
2. That the members of the samkirna jatis did not necessarily in fact have a low social status is indicated by the sources. The Aitareya Brahmana mentions an Ambastha king.~ Aitereya Brahmana, VIII, 21; The Ambastha tribe is frequently identified by modern scholars with Ambastanoi of Arrian and the Sambastoi of Diodorus.H.C. Raichaudhury, Political History of Ancient India, (Calcutta, 1952), p. 255.
3. The Taittiriya Brahmana refers to the material well-being of the Ugras, one of whom is mentioned as a king's officer.~Taittiriya Brahmana, III, 8, 5.
There is no word like "caste" in sanskrit! Casta is an Iberian word (existing in Spanish, Portuguese and other Iberian languages since the Middle Ages), meaning "lineage", "breed" or "race." It is derived from the older Latin word castus, "chaste," implying that the lineage has been kept pure. Casta gave rise to the English word caste during the Early Modern Period.[3][4].