Friday, February 20, 2015

Bhavisya Puran-Prediction

Posted ImageThe Bhavishya Purana is an ancient text authored by Sri Vyasa Muni,
the compiler of the Vedic texts. It is listed among the eighteen major
Puranas. Bhavishya means "future" and Purana means "history", so the
text's name would translate literally as "The History of the Future". Though
the text was written many thousands of years before the recorded events
took place, by the power of his mystic vision, Sri Vyasa was able to
accurately predict the happenings of the modern times. One of the text's
poetic styles is to present the events as though they have already
happened. This is a common practice in Sanskrit poetry, and does not
indicate that the book was written in modern times. Modern scholars reject
the contents of Bhavishya Purana mostly on the grounds that its
information is too accurate. But we should ask ourselves: If there was an
empowered saint, who knew past, present and future, and if he chose to
write a book named "the History of the Future", shouldn't it contain accurate
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information about the modern times, as the title suggests? We cannot
disqualify it simply because it speaks accurately of the British controlling
India, Hitler fighting the world, and Max Mueller misrepresenting the Vedic
teachings. "Veda" means knowledge, and the Vedic texts contain
knowledge of everything - past, present and future.

This Purana consists of 7 chapters:
[From the Pratisarga Parva, Chapters Four to Seven.]

Suta Goswami said: Once upon a time in Hastinapura, Pradyota the
son of Kshemaka was leading an assembly and meanwhile the great sage
Narada arrived there. King Pradyota happily honored him. Having him
seated on the seat the sage told king Pradyota, "Your father was killed by
the mlecchas, therefore he attained Yamaloka or the hellish planet. If you
perform a ‘mleccha-yajna’, then by the effect of this sacrifice your father will
attain the heavenly planets."

Hearing this king Pradyota immediately called the best of the learned
Brahmanas and started ‘mleccha-yajna’ in Kuruksetra. They built a yajna-kunda which was 16 yojanas in square (128 miles). They meditated on the
demigods and offered oblations of mlecchas. There are haras, hunas,
barvaras, gurundas, sakas, khasas, yavanas, pallavas, romajas and those
who are situated in different dvipas and in kamaru, china and the middle of
the ocean; all of them were called with the mantra and burnt to ashes. Then
he (the king) gave dakshina (donation) to the brahmanas and performed
abhiseka. As a result his father Kshemaka went to the heavenly planets.
After that he became famous everywhere as a mleccha-hanta or destroyer
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of mlecchas. He ruled the earth for ten thousand years and went to heaven.
He had a son named Vedavan who ruled for two thousand years.

At that time the Kali purusha prayed to Lord Narayana along with his
wife. After sometime the Lord apperared to him and said, "This age will be
a good time for you. I will fulfil your desire having various kinds of forms.
There is a couple named Adama and his wife Havyavati. They are born
from Vishnu-kardama and will increase the generations of mlecchas.
Saying this, the Lord disappeared. Having great joy the Kali purusha went
to Nilacha

Vyasa said: "Now you hear the future story narrated by Suta
Goswami. This is the full story of of Kali-yuga, hearing this you will become

In the eastern side of Pradan city where there is a a big God-given
forest, which is 16 square yojanas in size. The man named Adama was
staying there under a Papa-Vriksha or a sinful tree and was eager to see
his wife Havyavati. The Kali purusha quickly came there assuming the form
of a serpent. He cheated them and they disobeyed Lord Vishnu. The
husband ate the forbidden fruit of the sinful tree. They lived by eating air
with the leaves called udumbara. After they had sons and all of them
became mlecchas. Adama's duration of life was nine-hundred and thirty
years. He offered oblations with fruits and went to heaven with his wife. His
son was named Sveta-nama, and he lived nine-hundred and twelve years.
Sveta-nama's son was Anuta, who rulled one-hundred years less than his
father. His son Kinasa rulled as much as his grandfather. His son Malahalla
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ruled eight-hundred ninety five years. His son Virada rulled 160 years. His
son Hamuka was devoted to Lord Vishnu, and offering oblations of fruits he
achieved salvation. He ruled 365 years and went to heaven with the same
body being engaged in mleccha-dharma.

Having good behavior, wisdom, qualities like a brahmana and
worship of God, these things are called mleccha-dharma. The great souls
have declared that the dharma of the mleccha is devotion to God, worship
of fire, nonviolence, austerity and control of the senses. The son of
Hamuka was Matocchila. He ruled for 970 years. His son Lomaka ruled
777 years and went to heaven. His son Nyuha (Noah) ruled for 500 years.
He had three sons named Sima, Sama and Bhava. Nyuha was a devotee
of Lord Vishnu.

Once the Lord appeared in his dream and said: “My dear Nyuha,
please listen, there will be devastation on the seventh day. Therefore, you
have to be very quick that you make a big boat and ride in it. O chief of the
devotees, you will be celebrated as a great king”.

Then he made a strong boat which was 300 feet long, 50 feet wide
and 30 feet high. It was beautiful and all the living entities could take shelter
in it. He then himself rode in it, engaged in meditating on Lord Vishnu.

Lord Indra called the devastating cloud named Sambartaka and
poured heavy rain continuously for 40 days. The whole earth, Bharat-varsa,
had merged in the water and four oceans came up together. Only Visala or
Badarikasrama was not submerged. There were 80,000 great
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transcendentalists in Visala who joined with king Nyuha and his family. All
of them were saved and everything else was destroyed.

At that time all the sages praised the eternal energy of Lord Vishnu.
Being pleased by the prayers of the sages, the Vishnu-maya reduced the
waters of devastation. After one year gradually the earth become visible.
Under the hill there is a place named Sisina and the king was situated in
that place with his other people. When the water completely dried up, king
Nyuha came back to his place.

Suta Goswami continued: The mleccha, king Nyuha became
attached to Lord Vishnu and as a result Lord Vishnu increased his
generation. Then he created a language fit for the mlecchas, unfavorable to
the Vedas. He named it as brahmi-bhasha, or brahmi language, full of bad
words, for increasing the degradation of Kali-yuga. The Lord who is Himself
the master of intelligence gave this language to Nyuha. Nyuha named his
tree sons opposite. They were known as Sima, Hama, Yakuta and also
Yakuta, Sapta putra, Jumara and Majuya. The name of their countries were
known as Madi, Yunana, Stuvaloma, Tasa and Tirasa.

Hama who was the second son of his father, had four sons know as
Kusa, Misra, Kuja and Kanaam. Kusa had six sons - Havila, Sarva,
Toragama, Savatika, NimaruhaI and Mahavala. Their sons were known as
Kamala, Sinara and Uraka. And their countries names are Akvada, Bavuna
and Rasana.

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After telling this story Suta Goswami influenced by Yoga-nidra
entered mystic slumber. He woke up after two thousand years and
thereupon he said: “Now I’m going to say about the generation of Sima.
Because he was the first son of his father he became the king. This
mleccha king ruled over the country for 500 years. His son Arkansoda ruled
for 434 years. His son Sihla ruled for 460 years. His son Iratasya ruled the
same length as his father. His son Phataja ruled for 240 years. His son Rau
ruled for 237 years. His son Juja ruled the same length as his father. His
son Nahura ruled for 160 years, and he destroyed his many inimical kings.
His son Tahara ruled the same length as his father. He had three sons:
Avirama, Nahura and Harana. Thus I have explained the generation of
mlecchas with the indication of their names only. The mleccha language is
considered the lowest language because it bears the curse of goddess
Sarasvati. Thus I have summarily narrated the rise of the mlecchas in Kali-yuga.

Sanskrt is the language by which the whole Bharata-Varsa is being
praised and glorified. The same language, after going to another country
became the mleccha language and mlecchas took advantage of it.

After hearing all this, the sages situated in Badarikashrama,
worshipped Lord Nara-Narayana and meditated upon them for 200 years.
When they woke up from their meditation, they inquired from their teacher
Suta Goswami:

“O disciple of Sri Vyasa, you are so fortunate and greatly intelligent,
may you live long. Now please tell us who is the king at the present time?"
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Suta Goswami said: “At the present time, the Kali-yuga has already passed
its 3000 years. Now the king Sankha is ruling the earth and in the mleccha
countries the king named Sakapat is ruling. Please hear about how they
came up."

When the Kali-yuga passed 2000 years, the dynasty of mlecchas
increased. They created many paths to grow and gradually the whole earth
become full of mlecchas. The spiritual master and teacher of the mlecchas
was named Musa. He was residing on the bank of the river Sarasvati, and
he spread his doctrince throughout the whole world. As soon as Kali-yuga
started, the devotion to the Lord and the language of the Vedas were
destroyed. There are four kinds of mleccha languages: Vraja-bhasa,
Maharastri, Yavani and Garundika. In this way there are four million kinds
of other languages.

For example: paniyam (water) is called pani, bubhuksa-hunger is
called bhukh. Paniyam-drinking is called papadi and bhojanam-eating si
called kakkanam. Isti is called suddharava, istini is called masapavani,
ahuti is called aju and dadati is called dadhati. The word pitri is called
paitara and bhrata is bather and also pati. This is the yavani lanugage in
which the asva is called aspa, Janu is jainu and sapta-sindhu is called

Now you hear about Gurundika language. Ravi-vara (the first day of
the week) is called sunday, phalguna and chaitra months are called
pharvari (February). Sasti is called sixty, these kinds of examples are there.
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Crime is becoming prominent in the holy place of Sapta-puri. Gradually
the people of Aryavata are becoming theives, hunters, bhillas and fools.
The followers of mleccha-dharma in foreign countries are intelligent and
having good qualities, whereas the people of Aryavarta are bereft of good
qualities. Thus the ruling of mlecchas is also in Bharata (India) and its
islands. Knowing all this, O great and intelligent sage, you should just
perform the devotional service to Lord Hari.

The great sage Saunaka inquired: “Please tell us, what was the reason
that the mlecchas did not arrive in Brahmavarta.

Suta Goswami said: That was by the influence of goddess Sarasvati
that they could not enter that place. By the order of the demigods, when the
Kali-yuga pursued his 1,000 years, a brahmana named Kasyapa come
down to earth from the heavenly planets with his wife Aryavatil. They had
ten spotless sons who are known by the names: Upadhayaya, Diksita,
Pathaka, Sukla, Misra, Agnihotri, Dvi-vedi, Tri-vedi, Catur-vedi and Pandey.
Among them was the learned one full of knowledge. He went to Kashmir
and worshipped goddess Sarasvati with red flowers, red akshata (rice),
incense, lamps, naivedya (food offerings) and puspanjali (flower offerings).
To please her he praised her with some prayers, asking her for better
knowledge of Sankrt to put mlecchas into illusion. Being pleased by his
prayers she remainded situated in his mind and blessed him with
knowledge. Then the sage went to the country known as Misra and put all
the mlecchas into illusion by the greace of goddess Sarasvati.

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Then he made 10,000 people as dvijas or twice born brahmanas; he
made 2,000 people into vaishyas; and the rest of them as shudras. He
came back with them and staying in Arya-desha (India) he engaged in the
activites of the sages. They were known as Aryans and by the grace of
goddess Sarasvati their generation gradually increased upto 4 million, both
the men and women with their sons and grandsons. Their king, Kasyapa
muni, ruled the earth for 120 years.

There were 8,000 sudras in the county known as Rajputra (Rajput)
and their king was Arya-prithu. His son was Magadha. The sage made him
a king and left.

Saunaka inquired: "O disciple of Vyasa, O Lomaharsana, please tell
us who were the kings to rule the earth in Kali-yuga, after Magadha?"

Suta Goswami said: When king Magadha, the son of Kasyapa was
ruling the earth, he remembered his father's administration and he
separated the Arya-desha (India) into many states. The state which is on
the eastern side of Pancala is known as Magadha, the state of Kalinga is
on the east-south side, the state of Avanta is in the south, Amarta-desha is
to the south-west, Sindhu-desha is on the western side, Kaikaya is to the
north-west, Madra-desha is in the north, and Koninda-desha is to the north-east. These states are named according to his sons' names. After
performing a sacrifice he gave the states to his sons. Lord Balabhadra
became pleased with his sacrifice, and Sisunaga appeared from the
sacrifice as his son. He ruled for 100 years and his son Kakavarma ruled
for 90 years. His son Kshemadharma ruled for 80 years and his son ruled
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for 70 years. His son Vedamisra ruled for 60 years. His son Ajata-nipu
ruled for 50 years. His son Darbhaka ruled for 40 years, his son Udayasva
ruled for 30 years, his son Nanda-Vardhana ruled for 20 years, his son
Nanda-suta, who was born from the womb of a sudri or a low class lady,
also ruled for 20 years. His son Pranancala ruled for 10 years. His son
Parananda also ruled 10 years. His son Samananda ruled for 20 years. His
son Priyananta ruled for 20 years, his son Devananda also ruled for 20
years. his son Yajna-bhanga ruled for 10 years. His son Mauryananda
ruled for 10 years. And his son Mahananda fuled for 10 years.

At this time Lord Hari was remembered by Kali. At that time the great
and famous Gautama, the son of Kasyapa introduced the Buddhist religion,
and attained Lord Hari in Pattana.

Gautama ruled over 10 years. From him Shakya muni was born, who
ruled 20 years. His son Shuddhodana ruled 30 years. His son
Shakyasimha became the king on Satadri after 2000 years and he ruled for
60 years, by which time all the people were Buddhists. This was the first
position of Kali-yuga and the Vedic religion was destroyed.

If Lord Vishnu becomes a king then all the people would follow Him.
The activities of the world are carried out by the prowess of Lord Vishnu.
He is the master of maya or the illusory energy and whoever takes shelter
of that Lord Hari, though he may be a sinful and abominable person, will
become liberated.

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Buddha-simha was born from Shakyasimha and he ruled for only 30
years. Buddha-simha’s son was Chandra-gupta, who married with a
daughter of Suluva, the Yavana king of Pausasa. Thus he mixed the
Buddhists and yavanas. He ruled for 60 years. From him Vindusara was
born and ruled for the same number of years as his father. His son was
Ashoka. At this time the best of the brahmanas, Kanyakubja, performed
sacrifice on the top of a mountain named Arbuda. By the influence of Vedic
mantras, four Kshatriyas appeared form the yajna. Among these four
Pramara was samavedi, Chapahani was yajurvedi, Shukla was trivedi and
Pariharaka was the Atharvavedi. They were accustomed to ride on
elephants. They kept Ashoka under their control and annihilated all the
Buddhists. It is said there were 4 million Buddhists and all of them were
killed by uncommon weapons. After that Pramara became king in Avanta
and he constructed a large city called Ambavati for his happiness. It was as
big as 4 yojanas or about 32 miles.

Then Suta Goswami said: "My dear brahmanas I’m being influenced
by yoga-nidra, therefore, please go to your respective ashramas and
meditate on Lord Vishnu."

After the completion of 2,000 years, Suta Goswami said: When the
kali-yuga had passed his 3,710 years, at that time the king was Pramara
who rulled 6 years, from him Mahamada was born. He ruled 3 years and
his son Devapi did the same. His son Devaduta also did the same. From
him Gandharva-sena was born, who went to the forest after ruling for over
50 years and having given his kingdom to his son Shankha. Shankha ruled
for over 30 years. Lord Indra sent a heavenly girl to Gandharva-sena
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named Viramati. A jewel like son was born form her womb. At the time of
his birth, there were flowers raining from the sky, many auspicious
instruments were played and the wind was blowing pleasingly. The name of
the baby was Siva-drishti, who later left for the jungle with his disciples.
After 20 years he became perfect in Karma-yoga. When kali-yuga
copmleted 3,000 years, the terrible symptoms of kali had appeared. That
baby took birth in the secret place of Kailasa, by the benediction of Lord
Shiva, to destroy the shakas and to increase the Arya-dharma or the Vedic
reigion. His father Gandharva-sena named his son as Vikramaditya and
become happy. This child was very intelligent and very pleasing to his
parents. When he was 5 years old, he left for the forest to perform
austerities and he continued it upto 12 years. After 12 years he went to the
holy city named Ambavati with all the opulence and accepted the
transcendental throne sent by Lord Shiva. For his security goddess Parvati
created a Vetala (a king of ghosts) and sent it to king Vikramaditya’s
palace. Once the powerful king went to the temple of Lord Shiva named as
Mahakaleshvara, who is the chief of the devas, and who has a bow named
Pinaka. There he worshipped Lord Shiva. In that place he built a religious
council hall with the pillars made of various metals and decorated with
many kinds of jewels and covered with so many plants and creepers and
flowers. In that hall he kept a celestial throne. He invited the foremost
brahmanas who are well-versed in Vedic knowledge, worshipped them with
proper hospitality and heard many religious histories from them. After that
one demigod named Vitala come there having a form of a brahmana.
Glorifying and blessing the king, he sat down on the seat and said: O
master of this earthly planet, king Vikramaditya, if you are very eager to
hear them I will describe the stories and histories to you.
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Thus ends the seventh chapter of the Pratisarga Parva of the
Bhavishya Purana.
[From the third part of the Pratisarga Parva.]

Shri Suta Gosvami said: In the dynasty of king Shalivahana, there
were ten kings who went to the heavenly planets after ruling for over 500
years. Then gradually the morality declined on the earth. At that time
Bhojaraja was the tenth of the kings on the earth. When he saw that the
moral law of conduct was declining he went to conquer all the directions of
his country with ten-thousand soldiers commanded by Kalidasa. He
crossed the river Sindhu and conquered over the gandharas, mlecchas,
shakas, kasmiris, naravas and sathas. He punished them and collected a
large ammount of wealth. Then the king went along with Mahamada
(Mohammad), the preceptor of mleccha-dharma, and his followers to the
great god, Lord Shiva, situated in the desert. He bathed Lord Shiva with
Ganges water and worshipped him in his mind with pancagavya (milk,
ghee, yoghurt, cow dung, and cow urine) and sandalwood paste, etc. After
he offered some prayers and pleased him.

Suta Goswami said: After hearing the king’s prayers, Lord Shiva said:
O king Bhojaraja, you should go to the place called Mahakakshvara, that
land is called Vahika and now is being contaminated by the mlecchas. In
that terrible country there no longer exists dharma. There was a mystic
demon named Tripura, whom I have already burnt to ashes, he has come
again by the order of Bali. He has no origin but he achieved a benediction
from me. His name is Mahaoda and his deeds are like that of a ghost.
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Therefore, O king, you should not go to this land of the evil ghost. By my
mercy your intelligence will be purified. Hearing this the king came back to
his country and Mahamada came with them to the bank of the river Sindhu.
He was expert in expanding illusion, so he said to the king very pleasingly:
O great king, your god has become my servant. Just see, as he eats my
remnants, so I will show you. The king became surprised when he saw this
just before them. Then in anger Kalidasa rebuked Mahamada, “O rascal,
you have created an illusion to bewilder the king, I will kill you, you are the


That city is known as their site of pilgrimage, a place which was
Madina or free from intoxication. Having a form of a ghost (Bhuta), the
expert illusionist Mahamada appeared at night in front of king Bhojaraja
and said: O king, your religion is of course known as the best religion
among all. Still I am going to establish a terrible and demoniac religion by
the order of the Lord. The symptoms of my followers will be that they first of
all will cut their genitals, have no shikha, but having beard, be wicked,
make noise loudly and eat everything. They should eat animals without
performing any rituals. This is my opinion. They will perform purificatory act
with the musala or a pestle as you purify your things with kusha. Therefore,
they will be known as musalman, the corrupters of religion. Thus the
demoniac religion will be founded by me. After having heard all this the king
came back to his palace and that ghost went back to his place.

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The intelligent king, Bhojaraj established the language of Sanskrit in
three varnas - the brahmanas, kshatriyas and vaisyas - and for the shudras
he established prakrita-bhasha, the ordinary language spoken by common
men. After ruling his kingdom for 50 years, he went to the heavenly planet.
The moral laws established by him were honored even by the demigods.
The arya-varta, the pious land is situated between Vindhyacala and
Himacala or the mountains known as Vindhya and Himalaya. The Aryans
reside there, but varna-sankaras reside on the lower part of Vindhya. The
musalman people were kept on the other side of the river Sindhu.

On the island of Barbara, Tusha and many others also the followers of
Isamsiha were also situated as they were managed by a king or demigods.
[From the 29th chapter of the Pratisarga Parva.]

Long ago in the country known as Citrartha, the inhabitants of the
heavenly planets used to come to play during the time of autumn. One day
a heavenly apsara know as Manjughosha came to that place where the
sage Shuka was residing. Seeing this beautiful boy, she tried to attract him
while singing and dancing, being overwhelmed by lusty desires. She
praised him with a beautiful prayer holding her hands and bowing down.
Somehow, she pleased the muni. Then the glorious Shuka, hearing this
auspicious prayer asked her to request a benediction. Manjughosha
humbly said: ”O lord, you are the protector of those who came to your
shelter, therefore I’m at your shelter, please become my husband”. The
sage accepted her and after some time they produced a son named ‘Muni’
who performed austerity very strictly upto 12 years. He married the
daughter of Svarnadeva, the god of gold. They gave birth to a daughter
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named Kinnari. She was very young and beautiful. She performed austerity
to please Lord Shiva, and as a benediction lord Shiva intrusted her to a
sober sage Makaranda.

Then her father, Muni, asked lord Shiva to bless her, so that they will
successfully make progress in this world.

Lord Shiva said: Upto 30 years you will enjoy your country in the
middle of the earth, then it will be destroyed. After hearing this Muni went to
his place with Makaranda and resided there. As soon as the 29th year
started the battle took place among those kings who took birth as the
incarnations of the associates of Krishna. Bauddha, the lord of nyuhas (the
lessened people) attacked the beautiful city of Netrapala, thinking that this
city is wonderfully decorated with various kinds of jewels. The powerful king
Bauddha-simha who had seven-million soldiers, fought with those kings
who had only three million soldiers. The fight went on terribly between the
armies for seven days and nights. The great powerful kings, who killed all
the inimical armies protected by Baudha-simha, were Yoga-simha, Bhoga-simha and Vijaya.

After that more Buddhists came from the countries known as Shyama
and Japaka, and all of them were magicians. Again they had a large battle
which lasted for one month. Then Netrasimha arrived with seven million
soldiers protected by eight generals, for the destruction of the Buddhists.
Being afraid, all the Buddhists left India completely and went to China to
continue the war from there. The opposite army also continued following
them. When they arrived on the bank of the Huha river, it was the month of
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Magh, the second half part of the month of January, the fight took place
again. There were one million soldiers each from the countries of Syama
and Japaka, and ten million soldiers from China assembled for a fight. On
the other side, Krishnamsa, Deva, Netrapala, Mandalika, Dhanyapada,
Lallasimha, Talana and Jana nayaka were the generals, each of them
having one million soldiers. There was a terrible battle between the
Buddhists and the Aryans. In that war seven million Buddhists, and two
million Aryans were killed. Being afraid the Buddhists ran away from the
battle and went to their home to produce a wooden army with the help of a
machinery arrangement. They made ten-thousand elephants (made out of
wood) along with warriors, one million horses, one thousand buffaloes, one
thousand hogs, one thousand tigers, one thousand swans, and seven
thousand camels. All these creatures had wooden warriors on their back.
Thus with the wooden army which was 125,000 in number, they killed two
million soldiers protected by Krishnamsas. Seeing this wonder Jayanta, the
expert fighter shot fire arrows toward the wooden armies, so that they were
immediately destroyed, being burnt to ashes. Only three million kshatriyas
(warriors) were left, and they glorified the proficient warrior Jayanta again
and again. Then the Buddhists from China, made a twenty thousand strong
iron horse calvary and sent them to fight. The powerful warrior Yogasimha,
riding on an elephant held the bow and arrows in his hands and shot to the
neck of the iron warriors. Being afflicted by the arrows of Yogasimha five
thousand soldiers were killed. Seeing this, Bauddhasimha made an iron
tiger and sent it to Yogasimha. By the attack of that iron tiger the brave
Yogasimha was finally killed, and then Bhogasimha riding on a horse, went
to fight with the tiger. He killed the tiger by throwing a missile, and roared
loudly. Then a lion was sent to him by Bauddhasimha and thus he
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(Bhogasimha) was killed by a lion. When the son of Swarna-vati (Jayanta)
saw that his maternal uncles were already dead, he rode on a powerful
horse and went to Bauddhasimha. He took illusory arrows and put the
opposite army into delusion along with Bauddhasimha. He captured ten-thousand kings including Bauddhasimha, and returned to Krishnamsas
having destroyed the mechanical armies.

Then all of them happily went to the city and forcibly “looted” the
wealth from the palace, which was very opulent, and came back the fort of
the king. Jayanta came and released Bauddhasimha. After being released
he offered his daughter Padmaja to Jayanta and also offered 100,000,000
golden coins for the pleasure of his in law. After that all the Buddhists made
their vows there itself saying “We will never go to Arya-desa to invade the
country.” Then they offered their homage and left. They went to Netrapala
with their three million remaining soldiers.
[From the 31st chapter of the Pratisarga Parva.]

Suta Goswami said: The great powerful king of Madrakesa
worshipped the mendicants of the heavenly planets (the Asvini kumaras)
for five years and after having received a benediction from them he
produced ten sons and one beautiful young daughter named Kantinati.
King Madraka invited Maharaj Suryavarna (the present king of
Hastinapura), and gave his daughter to him with proper conduct.

Having accepted the new wife, Suryavarna quickly returned to his
home with his army. There was a mystic demon named Karbura, the son of
Bigbhisana, when he saw Kantimati the daughter of king Madrakesa, he
Page 19 of 30

came there and kidnapped her in their presence and went to a mountain
called Sahyadri. Seeing this incident Mahiraja became very upset and
lamented again and again. Mahiraja came to Hastinapura and sent a
message to Krishnamsa. He explained everything to him and immediately
with five hundred warriors Krishnamsa went to Sahyadri mountain and said
fearlessly: “O best of the demons, please listen. Your father Bibhishana is a
great devotoee, and you are the dear son of him, therefore, you should not
act in this manner (sinfully) which is the cause of the destruction of family.
Do you remember, long ago mother Sita was kidnapped by Ravana and
what happened to him?”

The rakshasa said, "Previously she was the daughter of a Gandharva
and my beloved wife, but because of a curse by a sage she took birth on
the earthly planet. Therefore, feeling her separation I went to Madrakesa.
Although I stayed there so many days, being afraid of the king I could not
kidnap her. Now she is in my control, but if you defeat me in battle you can
take her back. Then Krishnamsa started fighting with him with a sword and
it went on for seven nights. Finally he defeated the rakshasa, and with
Kantimati came back to Delhi to see Mahiraja. The king (Mahiraja) offered
10,000,000 golden coins to the great Krishnamsa. Then he came to
Pramdavana, or the forest called Pramoda, with his friends.

Suta Goswami said: There was a powerful king named Purnamala in
Pattana. He worshipped the Vasus for five years and received a
benediction from them. By their blessings he had ten sons and a daughter
named Vidyun mala. For the marriage of his daughter he invited king
Page 20 of 30

Mahiraja and with seven million soldiers he gave his daughter to the son of
Mahiraja (Bhima).

Bhima came back happily to his home (Hastinapura) with his beautiful
wife. Then the king of paisaca-dasa, Sahoda, came with ten-thousand
mlecchas to get Vidyunmala. They came to Kurukshetra by the order of
Bali, the grandson of Prahlada Maharaja. They broke the deities of gods,
killed so many cows and in the places of sacred water they put cow-blood.
Sahoda, the mleccha king, wrote a letter and sent it to Mahiraja. King
Mahiraja answered: "O mleccha king, you are the master of the mlecchasi,
why are you worried about Vidyunmala? You should know that I’m the one
who can shoot arrows just by hearing a sound and I’m the central point of
the country of the thieves."

Then the king went to Kurukshetra with three million soldiers. There
was a large, terrible fight between them. At night in the month of Jesta
(July), Bali Maharaja came from Patala, the lowest region with ten-thousand demons and killed the soldiers of the king very quickly, eating
them again and again. The king, being afraid took shelter of goddess
Sarasvati. After that immediately Krishnamsas arrived and killed the ten-thousand demons. They came to Bali, the lord of the demons, and pleased
him with their words.

Then Baliraja said: I’m very pleased with you, now you can ask for
any benediction.

Page 21 of 30

They said: These demons should never come to Aryadesha (India)
with you, all of you should stay always in mleccha-desha and eat the
followers of mleccha-dharma.

Baliraja became upset hearing these fearful, terrible words.

Then Krishnamsa said: as long as I’m in this world you should simply
stay in your home, after that you come here and do whatever you like”.

Hearing this the mleccha king Sahoda went back to Rasatala, the
sixth lowest region of demons.

[From Pratisarga Parva, 4th Part, Chapter 6.]

The sage (Saunka) said: “O great fortunate one, you know everything
please tell us about the kings who came after Mahiraja.

Suta Goswami said: The ghostly Kutukoddina, with human nature, was
situated in the kingdom of Delhi. The best king Bhapasena, the grandson of
Virasena was situated in the beautiful city of Aligarh. This city was
protected by yadavas. Kutukaddin with ten-thousand warriors went there
and defeated him and returned to Delhi. Then so many kings form other
countries came there and defeated him and rejected him from their
countries. When Shahoddina heard this, he came to Delhi, conquered the
kings and broke all the deities. After that so many mlecchas came from all
sides and ruled the kingdom for 5, 6 or 7 years. They had destroyed the
places of pilgrimage and the temples, therefore as a reaction they become
Page 22 of 30

short-lived. From today, the mleccha kings will continue for a hundred
years, therefore O sages, you should quickly go to Vishala
(Badarikashrama) with me.

Then all the sages sadly left this place (Naimisaranya) and went to
Vishala, the best of the Himalayas and meditated upon Lord Hari, being in
samadhi (trance). And after a hundred years all of them attained the
kingdom of God.
[From the 7th chapter of the Pratisarga Parva.]

The sun god, being pleased by the praise of the demigods, said: By
the order of the Lord Krishna, Sudarshana will take birth in the Dvapara-yuga, and will be known as Nimbaditya (Nimbarka). He will be able to
remove the declination of religious principles.

Suta Goswami said: Now you hear about the pastimes of the great
Nimbarka. Lord Krishna personally ordered him to appear on the
auspicious bank of Narmada river, which flows to the southern side of
mountain Meru. That state is known as Tailanga, the place used by the
devarsis, the godly sages.

Lord Krishna said: "You receive knowledge from devarsi Narada and
establish the true principles of religion. You should remain in Mathura,
Naimisaranya and Dvaraka."

Lord Sudarshana accepted the order of Lord Krishna sarying, "Yes,"
and appeared on the earth to fulfill the desires of the devotees. There was
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a broad-minded holy brahmana living in the auspicious state of Tailanga.
His name was Aruna and was well versed in the Vedas and Vedangas. His
wife was known as Jayanti. They were living an austere life like the sages.
The brilliant luster of Sudarshana suddenly entered in the heart of Jayanti,
and by that luster she looked brilliant like the moon. When the time arrived
with all auspiciousness and good qualities, in Gaura paksha purnima of
Kartika month, Vrisha rasi, the moon in Krittika, the five grahas (planets)
situated in higher places, in the evening at the time of sunset, in Masa-lagna, the Lord of the universe (Sudarshana), who engaged the whole
universe in Vedic religion, appeared from mother Jayanti (as Nimbarka).

One day Lord Brahma went to Nimbarka’s ashrama just before the
sunset and said: O brahmana, I’m very hungry, as long as the sun is in the
sky, please give me something to eat. (I will not eat after the sun sets). The
brahmana (Nimbarka) gave him food and while he was eating the sun went
down. Then the brahmana by his power kept a sudarshana on a nimbe
tree. Lord Brahma wondered seeing that sunlike shine and paid his
obeisances to the brahmana by lying flat on the ground. Pleased with his
austerity Lord Brahma said: Excellent. You will become famous on this
earth, and you will be known as Nimbaditya (Nimbarka - One who made
the sun appear from a Neem tree).

[From the 7th chapter of the Pratisarga Parva.]

Brihaspati said: Long ago, during the age of treta, O Indra, there was
a brahmana named Shakrasharma, in Ayodhya. He worshipped demigods
such as the Asvini Kumaras, Rudras, Vasus, and Surya with the mantras
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mentioned in the Yajur-veda. After worshipping, he satisfied them by
offering oblations every day. Thus being pleased with his worship all the
330 million demigods awarded him all desired objects and even the rarest
things. By the benediction of the demigods the brahmana lived on this earth
for ten-thousand years without getting old and having no disturbance. After
leaving his body he become the Sun-god and predominated the sun planet
for one hundred thousand years, before going to Brahmaloka. He spent
eight thousand celestial years for visiting the higher planets and then
returned to the sun planet.

Hearing this, Lord Indra with his sober intelligence began to worship
the sun-god along with other demigods in the month of June-July. On the
purnima, the full moon day, the sun-god came down to the earth and said
to demigods: I will take birth in Kali-yuga in Vrindavana and this brahmana
will execute favorable acts for the demigods. He will be born as a son of
Madhava, named Madhu and follow the Vedic path.

Suta Gosvami said: Saying this the sun-god created a light from his
body and sent it to Vrindavana. Attracting all the irreligious people with
pleasing speech he gave them Vaishnavi-shakti or the spiritual energy of
Lord Vishnu, the bestower of enjoyment and liberation. Thus he become
famous, known as Madhvacarya.

Jiva said: In the age of Dvapara, there was a brahmana named Megha
Sharma. He was very much religious, intelligent, learned and a follower of
the Vedic path. He was engaged in farming, and with the ten percent profit
from farming he was worshipping the demigods every day with devotion.
Page 25 of 30

Once there was no rain during the administration of Maharaja Shantanu for
five years, but the farm of Megha sharma was about four miles wider and
was watered by rain. Naturally the grain-rate increased and Megha sharma
became rich by taking advantage of the scarcity. Other people being so
distressed took shelter of the king. The king called Megha sharma and
said: O great brahmana, I offer my obeisances unto you, please became
my Guru and guide us, so that we can be free from the scarcity.

Megha sharma said: when the month of Shravana (July-August) starts,
you should call twelve Vedic brahmanas to chant one-hundred thousand
times the mantra of the sun-god with the proper mind. Then on the full
moon day (purnima) offer one tenth the number of oblations in the
sacrificial fire, through the brahmanas. If you could do this as mentioned,
you will become free from anxiety. So the king performed accordingly and
fed all the brahmanas, then the sun-god being pleased by this poured
heavy rain on the earth from all sides. After this king Shantanu, engaged in
performing Surya-vrata and become a greatly pious person. Whoever he
touched with his hand immediately turned to a young man. By the mercy of
the sun-god, Meghasarma lived for five-hundred years, being freed from
old age, and then went to sun-planet. After 100,000 years he will attain
Brahmaloka. While he was speaking thus, sun-god revealed his identity to
Jiva and went to Prayaga (Allahabad) and being in a happy mood he said
to the demigods: “In kali-yuga, when the mlecchas will be ruling the
kingdom, I will come to Vrindavana and preach for the mission of the

Page 26 of 30

Suta said: Then the sun-god descended in Vrindavana as a son of
Deva-sharma, named Sridhara. He studied Srimad Bhagavatam very
deeply and a great commentary on it which is known as Sridhar-bhasya,
the commentary of Sridhara.
Brihaspati said: Long ago there was a brahmana named Heli, in the
beautiful city Pampapura. He was a worshipper of the sun-god and he
knew the 64 arts. He avoided the mood of accepting dakshina (donations)
and he became an artist, having established a workshop for clothes,
paintings, pictures, metal statues etc. He spent five thousand coins to
establish it. Whatever profit he made he used for worshipping the sun-god
in the month of Magha (January-February) by performing sacrifices. Thus
the sun-god Vishvakarma (the architect of the gods) became pleased with
this sacrifice and descended on the top of a big pillar in Pampasarovara,
the lake named Pampa, having a brilliant shining form. At the noon time,
Heli offered food to the sun-god according to his desire. In this way he
satisfied the three worlds. After leaving his body he entered into the sun-planet. Therefore O king of devas you may worship the sun-god, he will
help you.

Suta said: Lord Indra hearing this from his guru, began to worship the
sun-god Visvakarma along with other demigods. Thus being pleased with
their worship Tvashta (Visvakarma) said: O gods, please listen to my
words, I will appear in a village named Bilvagram in Bengal, and I will be
the poet known as Jayadeva, the compiler of Nirukti. Saying this the sun-god went to Bengal and took birth in the house of a brahmana named
Kanduke. When he was just five years old, he was engaged in the service
of his parents and continued for twelve years. After sometime his parents
Page 27 of 30

left their body and Jayadeva did all the final ceremonies (Shraddha) in
Gaya. Being satisfied they went to heaven. Then Jayadeva lived in a jungle
as a detached brahmana.

At the age of twenty three, a brahmana (someone) offered his
beautiful daughter to Lord Jagannatha. At the end of his worship the eternal
Lord Aniruddha, having the form of Darubrahma, directly spoke thus: “O
Satyavrata, please listen to Me, it is my order that you offer your daughter
Padmavati to Jayadeva because he is the body of Mine, or he is as good
as Me.” Then he found the detached brahmana (Jayadeva) and leaving his
daughter in front of him, he went to his home. Padmavati served her
husband for so many years accepting him as a beautiful and learned one.
Jayadeva compiled a book known as Nirukta, the Vedic vocabulary, one of
the six Vedangas. There were five kinds of Niruktas, but in Kali-yuga they
were destroyed by the evil people and Prakrit-bhasha or the illiterate
language was established. For the sake of the demigods, Panini the author
of Ashtadhyayi grammar, overtook them and established the pure Sanskrit

Once the evil minded Kali situated in the hearts of thieves, plundered
all the money of the brahmana Jayadeva which was given to him by the
king. Following this they cut both his hands and legs and went home
leaving Padmavati aside. Jaydeva was thrown into a ditch. Padmavati took
him out cried and lamented again and again seeing the situation of her

Page 28 of 30

One day, when the king Dharmapala was out hunting. He saw the
sage Jayadeva without hands and feet and asked: “Who put you in such a

Jayadeva answered: “No one put me in this condition, O king. It is
due to my previous activities that I am suffering now in this abominable

Having heard this statement, the religious king put the brahmana on a
palanquin along with his wife and brought them to his palace. The king built
a dharma-shala, religious institution, after receiving instructions from

One day those same thieves, dressed as Vaishnavas came to the
king and said: “We are very much expert in the scriptures and therefore we
have come to you. O best of the kings, Lord Vishnu, while being in the
stone (Shalagrama) eats food cooked by us everyday with love. If you don’t
believe us, you can see this right here.”

Saying thus the slaves of kali by their power showed the king a four
handed form of Lord Vishnu eating. Being struck with wonder, king
Dharmapala said to Jayadeva: “O my gurudeva, some vaishnavas, the
devotees of Lord Vishnu have come to my palace, and they have shown
me the Lord before my very eyes, therefore please come quickly."

The theives saw Jayadeva and became struck with wonder. They
said to the king in a joking mood: “O king, this brahmana was a cook in the
Page 29 of 30

palace of the king of Gaudadesa (Bengal). Once he became very much
greedy for money and he mixed some poison in the food and offered it to a
king. When the king come to know about it he ordered him to be crucified.
Then we came to him (Jayadeva), and knowing him to be an offender, we
instructed him in the Vedic knowledge. Then the king refused to crucify
him, but he cut off his hands and legs. At that time the king became our
disciple, having been enlightened by us.”

While they were speaking thus, the earth broke in two and those
thieves fell within the earth, being sent to the lowest hell known as patala-loka. Jayadeva began to cry to the thieves and while he was crying his
hands and legs appeared to be as they were. Then he explained to the
bewildered king what had happened. The king became very happy after
hearing everything from him. Jayadeva wrote a song called Gita-Govinda,
the song sung for the pleasure of Lord Govinda. The king read the song
and attained liberation. “O brahmanas, thus I have narrated the birth story
of Jayadeva, now you listen about how the Supreme Lord appeared as Sri
Krishna Chaitanya ."

[From Pratisarga Parva, 4th Part, Chapter 6.]

The sage (Saunka) said: “O great fortunate one, you know everything
please tell us about the kings who came after Mahiraja.

Suta Goswami said: The ghostly Kutukoddina, with human nature,
was situated in the kingdom of Delhi. The best king Bhapasena, the
grandson of Virasena was situated in the beautiful city of Aligarh. This city
Page 30 of 30

was protected by yadavas. Kutukaddin with ten-thousand warriors went
there and defeated him and returned to Delhi. Then so many kings form
other countries came there and defeated him and rejected him from their
countries. When Shahoddina heard this, he came to Delhi, conquered the
kings and broke all the deities. After that so many mlecchas came from all
sides and ruled the kingdom for 5, 6 or 7 years. They had destroyed the
places of pilgrimage and the temples, therefore as a reaction they become
short-lived. From today, the mleccha kings will continue for a hundred
years, therefore O sages, you should quickly go to Vishala
(Badarikashrama) with me.

Then all the sages sadly left this place (Naimisaranya) and went to
Vishala, the best of the Himalayas and meditated upon Lord Hari, being in
samadhi (trance). And after a hundred years all of them attained the
kingdom of God

Shri Gauranga Mahaprabhu’s was 9h incarnation of Vishnu(NOT GAUTAM BUDDHA)

Prediction of Lord Gauranga's advent in the form of a brahmana.
** In the Adi-Puran and in the Narada Puran, the Supreme Person says:
aham eva dvija-srestho
nityam pracchanna-vigrahah
lokam raksami sarvada
I shall advent in the form of a Brahmana devotee [aham eva dvija-srestho] and I shall hide my factual identity [prachanna vigrahah]. I shall deliver all the worlds [lokam raksami sarvada].

Prediction of His advent as a sannyasi.
** In the Upa-Puranas, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna speaks to Srila Vyasadeva:
aham eva kvacid brahman
sannyasa asramam asritah
hari bhaktim grahayami
kalau papa-hatan naran
O Brahmana, I occasionally take the Sannyas Asram [sannyasa asrama asritah] in an attempt to bring the fallen people of Kali Yuga to take up the path of Bhakti or devotional service to Lord Krishna [hari bhaktim grahayami].

Prediction of His actual time of incarnation.
** In the Kurma-Purana, it is stated:
kalina dahyamanam
uddhararaya tanu-bhrtam
janma prathama sandhyayam
bhavisyati dvijalaye
The Supreme Person will appear in the first part of the age of Kali [janma prathama sandhyayam]. He will appear in the home of a Brahmana [bhavisyati dvijalaye], to save the embodied conditioned souls [uddharaya tanu-bhrtam] burning in the troubles of Kali-Yuga.

Description of the purpose of Sri Chaitanya's incarnation.
** In the Garuda-Purana, the Supreme Person says:
kalina dakyamananam
paritranaya tanu-bhrtam
janma prathama sandhyayam
karisyami dvijatisu
Image result for chaitanya mahaprabhuIn the first part [prathama sandhya] of the age of Kali, I will come among the brahmanas [karisyami dvijatisu] to save the fallen souls, [paritranaya tanu-bhrtam] who are being burned by the troubles of the age of Kali [kalina dahyamananam].

Prediction of the name of His mother and the actual name of His future birthplace.
** In the Garuda-Purana, the Supreme Lord says:
aham purno bhavisyami
yuga-sandhyau visesatah
mayapure navadvipe
bhavisyami sachi sutah
I will take birth as the son of Sachi [bhavisyami sachi sutah], in Navadvip-Mayapur [mayapure navadvipe]. I will come in my complete spiritual form in the first part of Kali-Yuga.

Prediction of the name of His future first wife and His future assumption of the sannyasa order.
** In the same Garuda-Purana, it is Also stated:
Image result for chaitanya mahaprabhukaleh prathama sandhyayam
lakshmi- kanto bhavisyati
sannyasi gaura-vigrahah
In the first part of Kali-Yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will come in a gold-like form. First He will become the husband of Lakshmi [Srimati Lakshmi Devi, Lord Chaitanya's first wife]. Then He will become a sannyasi, near Lord Jagannatha who will appear in a divine wooden form.

Prediction of the bodily color of Sri Chaitanya and the nature of His future activities.
** In the Nrsimha-Purana, it is said:
satye daitya-kuladhi-nasa-samaye
tretayam das-kandharam
paribhavan rameti namakrtih

gopalan paripalayan vraja-pure
bharam haran dvapare
gaurangah priya-kirtanah
kali-yuge chaitanya-nama prabhuh
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead who in the Satya-Yuga appeared as a half-man, half-lion to cure a terrible disease that had ravaged the daityas, and who in the Treta-Yuga appeared as a person named Rama [Lord Ramachandra], the person who defeated the ten-headed Demon Ravana, and who in the Dvapara-Yuga removed the earth's burden, and protected the Gopa [cowherd men] people of Vraja-pura, will appear again in the Kali-Yuga. His form will be golden, He will delight in chanting the Lord's holy names, and His name will be Chaitanya."

Prediction of the future advent of Sri Chaitanya by His direct name.
** In the Padma-Purana, it is said:
yatrayogesvarah saksad
yogi-cintyo janardanah
chaitanya vapur aste vai
The Supreme Personality, Janardana, who is the object of the yogis' meditation [yogi-chintyo- janardanah], who saves the devotees from various sufferings, and who is the master of all yogic practices [yogesvarah], who is always full of divine transcendental ecstasy and bliss [sandra-ananda-atmakah], will advent in His own divine form of Sri Chaitanya [Chaitanya-vapah].

Description of the time and place Sri Chaitanya's future advent.
** In the Padma-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself states:
kaleh prathama-sandhyayam
gaurangotham mahi-tale
bhagirathi-tate ramye
bhavisyami sachi-sutah
I shall appear on this earth [mahi-tale] in the first part of Kali-Yuga [kaleh prathama sandhyayam] in a beautiful place on the bank of the Bhagirathi [bhagirathi-tate ramye]. I shall have a golden form [gaurangah], and I shall take birth as the son of Sachi [bhavisyami sachi-sutah].

Prediction of the purpose of Sri Chaitanya's advents.
** In the Narada-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
aham eva kalau vipra
nityam prachanna-vigrahah
lokan raksami sarvada
O Vipra, in the age of Kali, I will come disguised [nityam prachanna vigraha] as a devotee [bhagavad-bhakta-rupena] and I will save all the worlds [lokan raksami sarvada].

Prediction of His mother's name and the nature of His specific preaching method [sankirtana].
** The Supreme Personality of Godhead states in the Narada-Purana:
divija bhuvi jayadhvam
jayadhvam bhakta rupinah
kalau sankirtana arambhe
bhavisyami sachi-sutah
O Divija (demigods), please come and advent as devotees on this earth [bhuvi jayadhvam jayadhvam] in the age of Kali-Yuga. I will incarnate as the son of Sachi [bhavisyami sachi-sutah] to inaugurate the congregational chanting of the name of Krishna [kalau sankirtana arambhe].

Prediction of the revelation of Sri Chaitanya's form.
** In the Brahma-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
kaleh prathama sandhyayam
gaurangotham mahi-tale
bhagirathi-tate bhumni
bhavisyami sachi-sutah
I will reveal my eternal golden form [gaurangotham mahi-tale] in the first part of Kali- Yuga [kaleh prathama sandhyayam]. I will advent on the earth on the bank of the Bhagirathi [bhagirathi-tate bhumni] as son of Mother Sachi [bhavisyami sachi-sutah].

Prediction of the future sannyasi role and ecstasy of Sri Chaitanya.
** In the Bhavisya-Purana, the Supreme Lord says:
harsa-purnam tapo-dhana
sarve mama eva draksyanti
kalau sannyasa-rupinam
O austere sage, you should know that in the age of Kali, everyone will see my transcendental form as a sannyasi [kalau sannyasa rupinam]. I will be exhibiting symptoms of ecstasy like shedding tears of bliss and hairs standing in ecstasy [anandasru-kala-roma-harsa-purnam].

Prediction of the color of Sri Chaitanya and the nature of His future associates.
** In the Agni-Purana, it is said:
prasantatma lamba-kanthas gaurangas ca suravrtah
The Supreme Personality of Godhead will come in a golden form [gaura-anga], full of peace [prasantatma], and a beautiful long neck [lamba-kanthah]. He will be surrounded by many saintly devotees [sura-avrtah].
Note: This is an indirect prediction of the future advent of the members of the Pancha-Tattva.

Prediction of the characteristics of Sri Chaitanya.
** In the Matsya-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
mundo gaurah su-dirghangas
dayaluh kirtana-grahi
bhavisyami kalau-yuge
In the age of Kali, I shall advent [bhavisyami kalau yuge] where the three rivers meet [tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah]. I shall have a shaven head [mundah]. I shall have a golden complexion [gaurah]. I will be very kind and always chant the holy name of Krishna [dayaloh kirtana-grahi].

Prediction of the name of the river where Sri Chaitanya will take his birth and other characteristics.
** In the Vayu-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead states:
suddho gaurah-su-dirghango
bhavisyami kalau yuge
In the age of Kali-Yuga, I shall come [bhavisyami kalau yuge] in a place on the bank of the Ganges [ganga-tira-samudbhavah]. I will be very pure [suddhah], have a golden complexion [gaurah], and be very tall [su-dirghangah] and chant the holy names of Krishna. [Vyau Puran next quote]

Prediction that the Supreme Lord will leave Goloka and corne in a golden form.
** In the Markandeya-Purana, the Supreme of Godhead declares:
golokam ca parityajya
lokanam trana-karanat
kalau gauranga-rupena
"In the Kali-Yuga, I will leave Goloka and, to save the people of the world, I will become the handsome and playful Lord Gauranga."

Prediction of one of the purpose of Sri Chaitanya's appearance.
** In the Varaha-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead declares:
aham eva dvija-srestho
lokan raksami sarvada
I shall come as the best of the brahmanas [aham eva dvija-srestha]. I will exhibit many pastimes [lila-pracurya-vigrahah] in the form of a devotee [bhagavad-bhakta-rupena]. I shall deliver the people of the world [lokan raksami sarvada].

Prediction of the name of the mother of Sri Chaitanya and His future role as the deliverer of the darkness of Kali-Yuga.
** In the Vamana-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead declares:
sarvan acara varjitan
sachigarbhe ca sambhuya
tarayisyami narada
O Narada Muni, I will take birth in the womb of Sachi [sachi-garbhe ca sambhuya]. I shall save the people, who will give up all proper good conduct [sarvan acara varyitan], from the terrible darkness of the age of Kali-Yuga [kali-ghora-tamas-channan].

Prediction of the future advent of Sri Chaitanya, His birth time, His mother, His birth city, His name and His mission.
** In the Vayu-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
paurnamasyam phalgunasya
bhavisye gaura-rupena
sachi-garbhe purandarat
-> svarnadi-tiram asthaya
navadvipe janasraye
tatra dvija-kulam prapto
bhavisyami janalaye
lokasyanugrahaya ca
sannyas-rupam asthaya
-> tena lokasya nistaras
tat kurudhvam mamajnaya
dharitri bhavita cabhir
mayaiva dvija-dehina

I shall advent in the month of Phalguna, when the star Phalguni is conjoined with the full moon. I shall incarnate in a golden complexion in the womb of Sachi and Purandara Misra. I will be born in the city of Navadvipa,on the Ganges's shore, in a Brahmana's family. I shall take the renounced order of life [sannyasa] and show kindness to the people in general and engage them in Bhakti. I will be known as Sri Krishna Chaitanya. All of you should follow My order and deliver the people of the world. I shall appear as a Brahmana. I shall make this earth fearless. [Vayu Puran previous quote]

Prediction of Sri Chaitanya's birth city, the name of the river close to His birth site, the name of His mother, His close associates and their divine roles in His lila, His divine reason for incarnating as well as different names by which Sri Chaitanya will be known.
** In the Ananta-Samhita, it is said:
svarnadi-tiram asritya
navadvipe dvijalaye
sampradatum bhakti-yogam
lokasyanugrahaya ca
-> sa eva bhagavan krmo
srsty-adau sa jagannatho
gaura asin mahesvari
avatirno bhavisyami
kalau-nija-ganaih saha
sachi-garbhe navadvipe
-> aprakasyam idam guhyam
na prakasyam bahir mukhe
bhaktavataram bhaktakhyam
bhaktam bhakti-pradam svayam
man-maya-mohitah kecin
na jnasyanto bahir-mokhah
jnasyanti mad-bhakti-yuktah
-> krmavatara-kale-yah
striyo ye purusah priyah
kalau te'vatarisyanti
catuh-sasti-mahantas te
gopa dvadas balakah
Caitanyera Simhera...
-> dharma-samsthapanarthay
a viharisyami tair aham
kale nastam bhakti-patham
sthapayisyamy aham punah
gacchantu bhuvi te putrah
jayantam bhakta-rupinah
-> dharma-samsthapanam kale
kurvantu te mamajnaya
krishnas chaitanya-gaurango
gaurachandrah sachi-sutah
prabhur gauro gaura-harir
namani-bhakti-dani me

"To show mercy to the people and give them devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in a Brahmana's home in Navadvip by the Ganges' shore. The Supreme Person, Sri Krishna Himself, who is the life of Srimati Radharani, and is the Lord of the universe in creation, rnaintenance, and annihilation, appears as Gaura, O Mahesvari.

In Kali-Yuga, I will descend to the earth with My associates. In Navadvip, which is surrounded by the Ganges, I will take birth in Sachi-devi's womb.

They who are bewildered by My illusory potency will not understand the great secret of the appearance in this world of Me in My personal form,
  1. in My form as the incarnation of devotion,
  2. in My form as the incarnation of a devotee,
  3. in My form bearing the name of a devotee,
  4. in My form as a devotee, and
  5. in My form as the giver of devotional service.

This secret is not to be revealed to them. Only the saintly, pure, renounced devotees, diligently engaged in My devotional service, will be able to understand Me in these five forms.

My dear male and female associates, headed by Sridama and Subala, who came to this world at the time of My advent as Lord Krishna, will come again during the Kali-Yuga.

The Gopas will become the sixtyfour mahantas and the twelve gopalas. To establish the truth of religion, I will enjoy many pastimes with them.

In this way I will again reveal the path of devotional service, which has been destroyed in the course of time. My sons should also descend to the earth, assume the forms of devotees, and, by My order, also work to re-establish the principles of true religion.

At this time My names will be: Krishna Chaitanya, Gauranga, Gaurachandra, Sachisuta, Mahaprabhu, Gaura and Gaurahari. Chanting these names will bring devotion to Me."

What other major vedic literatures also describe characteristics of the advent of Sri Chaitanya?
** The Great Epic Mahabharata (Dana-Dharma, Visnu-Sahasra-Nama Stotra) points out the divine characteristics of Sriman Mahaprabhu's appearance.

suvarna varna hemango
varangas candanangadi
sannyasa krt-chamah santo
nistha shanti parayanah

In His early activities Lord Chaitanya comes as a householder. He has a golden complexion [suvarna varnah]. His limbs are very beautiful [vara-anga] and are smeared with sandalwood pulp [candana-angadi]. He has the appearance of molten gold [hema-anga].

The Supreme Lord Chaitanya accepts the renounced order of life [sannyasa-krt]. He is fully sense-controlled or equipoised [sama], and is completely peaceful [santa]. He is completely fixed in the chanting of the holy name of Lord Krishna, [nistha]. He is the highest abode of devotion and transcendental peace. He silences the mayavadi impersonalists [nistha santi parayanah].

The sanskrit words suvarna-varna indicate one who has gold-like complexion. The Vedic text to support this point is:

yada pasya pasyate rukma-varnam
kartaram isam purusam brahma-yonim

The words rukma-varnam kartaram isam refer to the Supreme Person [Sri Chaitanya] who has a complexion like molten gold.
** Quotations of Lord Chaitanya's bodily features according to some of the great devotees present at the time:
Srila Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya, one of the foremost disciples of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Jagannath Puri, composed an entire series of prayers describing in detail the various features of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, called Sri Gauranga-Prati-Anga-Varnanakhya-Stava-Rajah, or the King of Prayers, proclaiming the glory of each limb of Sri Gauranga. Let us carefully present a few of these divine gems.

** Lord Chaitanya's bodily luster.
Srila Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya has described the complexion of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's body.

tapta hema dyutim vande
kali-krishnam jagad-gurum
caru-dirgha-tanum srimac

I worship Lord Krishna, the spiritual master of the universe, who appears in the age of Kali with a luster like molten gold. His body is beautiful and tall. He is like molten gold, and He is the delight and the son of Sachidevi.

Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati Thakura also describes Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's golden complexion.

ananda lilamaya vigrahaya

"O Lord Chaitanyachandra, O Lord whose form is full of blissful pastimes, O Lord whose complexion is as splendid as gold..."

Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami similarly describes Lord Chaitanya:

tapta hema sama kanti prakanda sarira

"...the luster of His expansive body resembles molten gold..."

Prabodhananda Sarasvati also further describes Sri Chaitanya's golden complexion.

svayam devo yatra-kanaka-gaurah karunaya

"His complexion is as fair as molten gold."

** Sri Chaitanya's beautiful hair.


"His lovely curling locks are interwoven with creepers of glistening pearls..."

** Sri Chaitanya's shoulders and chest.
Prabhodananda Sarasvati Thakura describes the shoulders of Mahaprabhu.

simha skandham...

"May Lord Chaitanya, whose shoulders are like a lion..."

Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami also points out the nature of Sri Chaitanya's shoulders and voice.

simha griva simha-virya simhera hunkar

"He has the shoulders of a lion, the powers of a lion, and the loud voice of a lion."

** Sri Chaitanya's arms.


His arms reach all the way to his knees.

ajanulambita bhumau kanaka vadatau

Their arms (of Lord Chaitanya and Lord Nityananda) reach all the way to their knees.


"....His two arms, glittering with bracelets and bangles, extend down to His knees."

** Sri Chaitanya's face

h la-prasuna-susnigdha

His beautiful eyes are just like reddish lotus flowers. They are most beautiful, just like lakes of Krishna Prema. His nose is arched and is resplendent just like the sesame flower.


His cheeks are round and they shine brilliantly. He wears jeweled earrings. He has a peacock feather placed near His left ear.


His lips are tender and very lustrous. They resemble reddish blossoming flowers. He reveals his pearl-like teeth out His kindness.

** Chaitanya-charitamrita, Adi-Lila 3.77

sankirtana-pravartaka sri krma-chaitanya
sankirtana-yajne tanre bhaje sei dhanya

"Lord Sri Krishna Chaitanya is the initiator of sankirtana [congregational chanting of the holy name of Lord Krishna]. One who worships Him through sankirtana is fortunate indeed"

** Susloka-Satakam -59- Sri Gauranga Mahima

vintala-kamala-vaktrah pakva-bi nbadharosthas
tila-kusu na-su-nasah katnbu-kanthah su-dirghah
suvaliuta-bhuja-dando nabhi-gambhira-rupah
sphuratu hrdaya-madhye gaura-candro-natendrah

"His face is flawless like a blooming lotus and His lips are red as ripe as bimba fruits. His nose is as beautiful as the sesame flower and his neck is like a three-ringed conch. He is very tall and His rod-like arms make artistic movements while He dances. His navel is very deep. May my Lord Gaura Chandra, the king of dancers, reveal Himself in the core of My heart."

According to the authoritative statements of the great purva-acharyas [previous authorized bona fide spiritual masters] such as Srila Rupa Goswami, Srila Sanatana Goswami, Srila Jiva Goswami, Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami, Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur, and His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the foremost representative of all the Acharyas in the Gaudiya Sampradaya, and many other great Acharyas and pure devotees, Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Yuga-Avatar, and the incarnation of Sri Sri Radha and Krishna combined who has appeared to taste the transcendental mellow bliss experienced by Srimati Radharani. He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This transcendental conclusion is supported by the statements of the Vedas, the Srimad-Bhagavatam, various puranas, upa-puranas, the Mahabharata, various Samhitas, Tantras and Pancaratric texts.
Is there any specific reference in the Vedas as to when in this yuga, the Supreme Lord’s Avatar- Sri Krishna Chaitanya was scheduled to appear?

** In the Atharva-Veda; Purusa-Bodini-Upanisad, it is said:
saptame gaura-varna-visnor ity aena sva-saktya
caikyam etya pratar avatirya saha svaih sva-manum siksayati

"In the seventh manvantara, in the beginning of the Kali-Yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will, accompanied by His own associates, descend in a golden form to the earth. He will teach the chanting of His own names."

When exactly does He come in the kali-yuga, and where does He specifically appear and what will He do?

** In the Atharva Veda, the Supreme Person says:

itotham krta sannyaso'vatarisyami sa-guno nirvedo
niskamo bhu-girvanas tira-atho' lakanandayah kalau
catuh-sahasrabdhopari panca-sahasrabhyantare
gaura-varno dirghangah sarva-laksana-yukta isvara
prarthito nija-rasasvado bhakta-rupo misrakhyo
vidita-yogah syam

I will descend on the earth after the passage of four thousand years in the Kali-Age, [kalau chatuh sahasrabdhopari] and before the passage of five thousand years [pancha sahasra abhyantare].

I will come on the earth on the bank of the Ganges, [tira-sthah alakanandayah]. I will be a tall and saintly Brahmana devotee. I will have all the auspicious symptoms of an exalted person [dirghangah sarva-laksana-yuktah].

I will exhibit renunciation. I will have all auspicious signs. I will be a devotee, practicing bhakti yoga. I will taste the rasa of My own devotional service.

** In the Sama Veda, the Supreme Lord says:

tathaham krta sannyaso bhu-girvano 'vatarisye
tire'lakanandayah punah punah isvara-prarthitah sa-
parivaro niralambo nirdhuteh kali-kalmasa-kavalita-

I shall come to the earth, accompanied by My associates, in a place by the bank of the Ganges. I will advent to save the people who are afflicted and devoured by the sins of the age of Kali. I will manifest as an Avadhut Brahman Sannyasi.

What is the name of the place where the Supreme Lord appears?
** The Chandogya Upanisad describes the place of advent of the Supreme Lord Sri Krishna Chaitanya.

This is explained by Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur, in the Sabadvipa Dham Mahatmya (text 5):

tan-madhye daharam saksan
mayapuram itiryate
tatra vesma bhagavatas
chaitanyasya paratmanah
tasmin yas tv antarakaso
hy antardvipah sa ucyate

The spiritual city in the shape of a lotus has the abode of Sri Mayapur as its heart. Sridham Mayapur is the divine abode of Lord Chaitanya, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the middle of Mayapur is the place called Antardvip.

(ACBSPN Note: One needs to catch a local train to “Krishna Nagar” from “Sealdah Station” in Calcutta. After the 3 hour train journey, you got to catch a bus for Mayapur, which will take another hour or so. Alternatively, you could catch a local train from Howrah for Navadvip. These trains are very rare - about 4 or 5 a day, so its better to go thru Sealdah. From Navadvip station you got to take a cycle-rickshaw to the “Ghat” [Bank of Ganges]. Then you cross the Ganges and reach Mayapur. The half an hour motorized boat ride may cost you about 1 to 2 Rupees!)

Are there any other relevant scriptural references in the vedas describing the appearance or qualities of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?
** The Svetasvatara Upanisad (Ch. 6, text 7) describes the qualities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Chaitanya:

tam isvaranam paramam mahesvaram
tam devatanam paramam ca daivatam
patim patinam paramam parastad
vidama devam bhuvanesam idyam

"O Supreme Lord, you are the Supreme Mahesvara, the worshipable Deity of all the demigods and the Supreme Lord of all Lords. You are the controller of all controllers, the Personality of Godhead, the Lord of everything worshipable."

** Svetasvatara Upanisad Ch 3 text 12, 14

mahan prabhur vai purusah
sattvasyaisa pravartakah
sunirmalam imam praptim
isano jyotir avyayah

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead is Mahaprabhu, who disseminates transcendental enlightenment. Just to be in touch with Him is to be in contact with the indestructible brahmajyoti. "

** Sri Chaitanya Upanisad (Chaitanyopanisad), text 5:

jahnavi-tire navadvipe golokakhye dhamni govindo
dvi-bhujo gaurah sarvatma maha-puruso mahatma
maha-yogi tri-gunatitah sattva-rupo bhaktim loke
kasyatiti. tad ete sloka bhavanti

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda, the supreme enjoyer, whose form is transcendental, who is beyond the touch of the three modes of material nature, and who is all pervading Supersoul residing in the-hearts of all living entities, will appear again in the Kali-age. Appearing as the greatest devotee, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will assume a two-armed form of golden complexion in His abode of Goloka Vrindavan manifested on the bank of the Ganga at Navadvip. He will disseminate pure devotional service in the world. This incarnation of the Lord is described in the following verses."

In what color will the Lord appear in the Kali-yuga, and what will He do?
** Sri Chaitanya Upanisad text 6:

eko devah sarva-rupi mahatma
gauro rakta syamala-sveta-rupah
chaitanyatma sa vai chaitanya-saktir
bhaktakaro bhakti-do bhakh-vedyah

"The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the master of all transcendental potencies, and who may be known only by devotional service, [bhakti vedyah] appears in innumerable transcendental forms. He has appeared in red, white and black complexions, [gauro rakta syamala sveta rupah] and He will also appear in the golden form of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He will assume the role of a perfect devotee [bhakta akarah] and He will teach the conditioned souls the path of pure devotional service [bhakti dah].

What is the nature of the form of Lord Chaitanya and how is He understood?
** Chaitanya Upanisad. text 7:

namo vedanta vedyaya
krmaya paramatmane
sarva chaitanya rupaya
chaitanyaya namo namah

I offer my respectful obeisances unto Him, who is understood by Vedanta [namo vedanta vedyaya], who is Lord Krishna [Krishnaya], the Supersoul [paramatmane], whose form is fully transcendental and conscious of everything [sarva-chaitanya-rupaya]. We offer our humble obeisances again and again. [chaitanyaya namo namah]

What is the result of understanding the divine position of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?
** Sri Chaitanya-Upanisad. text 8:

vedanta vedyam purusam puranam
chaitanyatmanam visva-yonim mahantam
tam eva viditva' mrtyum eti
nanyah pantha vidyatetyanaya

"Knowing Him who is the object of knowledge in the Upanisads, the oldest person, the embodiment of consciousness, the source of the universe and the greatest of all, one crosses over death. There is no other path for going there."

What will Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu do in this incarnation ?
** Sri Chaitanya-Upanisad. text 9:

sva-nama mula-mantrena sarvam hladayati vibhuh

The Supreme powerful [vibhuh] Lord Sri Krishna Chaitanya appears in His golden form, and He will fill the universe with bliss [hladayati] by the chanting of His own holy names [sva-nama-mula-mantrena].

Which mantra will this yuga avatar chant?
** Sri Cartanya Upanisad text 10.

sa eva mula-mantra japati harir iti krishna iti rama iti

Sri Krishna Chaitanya will chant the maha-mantra comprised of the divine names of Hari, Krishna and Rama. i.e.,

Hare Krishna Hare Krishna
Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama Hare Rama
Rama Rama Hare Hare

(ACBSPN Note: the pronunciation of “Rama” is “rAma” or “rAm” and *not* "rAmA" as commonly misunderstood.)

Does Lord Chaitanya appear in every day of lord brahma? Just like the original Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna does appear once in every day of Lord Brahma.
** Answer: Srila Prabhupada once explained in Melbourne, Australia, in answer to the question of how long it would be before Lord Krishna would come to this planet again in His personal form: after 8 billion, 600 milion years.
Devotee: How long do you say it is before Krishna comes to this planet again in His physical form?

Srila Prabhupada: Now, calculate, I have already given the duration of one day, twelve hours, of Brahma means 4,300,000 years multiplied by one thousand....the eight billion.

Devotee (2): 600,000,000.

Srila Prabhupada: So Krishna comes after this period in one day, after one day of Brahma, He appears.

Devotee: Srila Prabhupada, does Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu also appear every day of Brahma?

Srila Prabhupada: Yes, following Krishna. Krishna comes in the Dvapar-Yuga. There are four sets of yugas: Satva, Treta, Dvapar, Kali. So Krishna comes at the end of Dvapar-Yuga, and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu comes in the Kali-Yuga so almost the same year, same circulation... Similarly, Krishna appears in rotation in this universe after so many years, eight billion years. So next He goes to another universe....
[Melbourne Australia. 22nd May 1975.]

Did the Srimad-Bhagavatam (Bhagavat-Puran), the foremost of all Vedic literatures predict the appearance of Lord Chaitanya Maraprabhu?
** In the seventh canto of the Srimad-Bhagavatam, Prahlad Maharaj directly hints at the hidden nature of the Supreme Lord's appearance. Because the Supreme Lord is also called Tri-Yuga, or one who appears in only three yugas (satya, dvapara, treta), He is sometimes said to appear in a concealed form, in the age of Kali.

channah kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo'tha sa tvam

(Srimad Bhagavatam 7.9.38)

Are there any more direct references in the Simad Bhagavatam, than the above reference?

** In the Tenth Canto of the Srimad Bhagavatam, chapter eight, Gargamuni the family priest of Nanda Maharaja, explains that the young boy Sri Krishna has three colors - white, red and yellow - when He appears in His transcendental form in different ages. In the current incarnation of Krishna, He has appeared black.

asan varnas trayo hy asya grhnatotnvyugam tanuh
suklo raktas tatha pita idanim krmatam gatah

(Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.13)

Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami, the celebrated author of the Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta, explains that the three colors of white, red and yellow are the three bodily colors which the Supreme Lord assumes in the ages of Satya, Treta and Kali respectively.

sukla rakta pita-varna ei tina dyuti
satya-treta-kali-kale dharena sri-pati

The Bhagavatam explains in the conversation between Karabhajan Muni and King Nimi, that in the Dvapara-Yuga, the Supreme Lord, the Personality of Godhead appears in a blackish form [dvapare bhagavan syamah]. He has a yellow dress and carries His own weapons [pita-vasa-nija-ayudhah]. He is beautified with the mark of Srivatsa and the Kaustubha jewel [sri vatsa-adibhih ankais ca laksanaih]. This is the actual description of His characteristics [upalaksitah].

The great sage continues his instruction to King Nimi by saying that people in general in the age of Dvapar-Yuga worshiped the Lord of the Universe [iti dvapara urvisam stuvanti jagad isvaram]. In the age of Kali, they worshipped the Supreme Person by the regulation of the scriptures [tantra vidhana].

krishna varnam tvisakrmam sangopangastra parsadam
yajnaih sankirtana prayair yajanti hi sumedhasah

(Srimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.32)

"In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the holy name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons and confidential companions."

How does this verse refer to the advent of Lord Chaitanya, since his name is not directly mentioned there?
** Just as the symptoms and characteristics of the various previous incarnations are mentioned in the scriptures, similarly the symptoms of the appearance of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are described.

Krishna-varnam indicates that He belongs to the category of Krishna. Krishna varnam also means one who constantly repeats and sings the name of Krishna. The main business of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was the chanting of the holy name of Krishna. Thus the words Krishna varnam and Krishna Chaitanya are equivalent.

Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami has elucidated the two meanings of the words Krishna varnam by stating:

krishna ei dui varna sadayanra mukhe
athava krmake h'nho varne nija sukhe

Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu always sings the two syllables Krish & na [Krishna ei dui varna sada yanra mukhe], or He always relishes great transcendental pleasure while describing Lord Krishna [athava krmake tinho varne nija-sukhe].

Is there any hint or explanation of His bodily characteristics?
His bodily complexion is not black [tvisa akrishnam]. Lord Chaitanya appeared in a very light, golden like complexion. His complexion was yellow [akrma-varane kahe pita-varana]. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is very beautiful.

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is often described as Gaurasundara. Gaura means fair and Sundar means beautiful. Sometimes He is also called Gauranga or one who has a very fair complexion.

Thus it is clearly established from the various Vedic Literatures and also by the various writings of the great Acaryas, that Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, whose appearance and birthplace were predicted and whose activities were also foretold.