Friday, January 16, 2015

SUMMARY OF VEDAS,UPNISHAD AND HINDUISM SCIENCE #VEDAS #UPNISHAD #VEDASCIENCE


Let us understand Vedas, the foundations of entire HUMANITY. प्रजापतिश्चरति गर्भे अन्तरजायमानो बहुधा वि जायते। तस्य योनिं परि पश्यन्ति धीरास्तस्मिन् ह तस्युर्भुवनानि विश्वा॥ (यजुर्वेद:३१:१९) प्रजापालक परमात्मा की सत्ता सम्पूर्ण पदार्थों में विद्यमान है, वह अजन्मा होकर भी अनेक रूपों में प्रकट होता है। उसकी कारण शक्ति में सम्पूर्ण भुवन समाहित है। ज्ञानी-जन उसके मुख्य स्वरूप को देख पाते हैं॥ (यजुर्वेद:31:19) The 19th verse of Yajurveda: Chapter 31 explains that the Lord/परब्रह्म الله / is present in all the matter i.e. a part of Him and His power resides in every entity i.e. He is Omnipresent and that Supreme Being, although unborn, appears in many (several/diverse) forms (set-up/aspects/looks/features/figures/Avatars) i.e. He incarntes when there is unbearable harm to Dharma. Everything is within Him. Pandits (Scholars) could see His prime (Universal) form i.e. Viraat Svaroop (विराट् स्वरूप). When you go through the 30th verse of Gita: Chapter 6 you find the same thing: "One who sees Me pervading in every entity in the form of soul and everything within Me, for him I am never unseen and hr is not unseen to Me" (Gita:6:30) *NOTE: The exact TRANSLATION of Vedic verses isn't possible. So, they are to be understood through self-consciousness.



Good Morning to all. LIKE+COMMENT+SHARE 

Let us start the day with Gayatri Mantra with meaning for understanding and realization. Chanting Gayatri helps concentration and enlightens intelligence. Almighty indicate “I AM GAYATRI” in BG 10:35. One can chant thrice a day: morning, noon and dusk. This does not mean that one can't chant Gayatri in other time. The sound of Gayatri is soul feeling and you would feel tranquility in yourself. Only prerequisite is, feel calm and vacate your mind. Religion is REALIZATION. 

Om Thath Savithur Varenyam Bhargo  Devasya  Dheemahi  Dhiyo  Yo  Nah Prachodayath. RegVeda 3:62:10

"May we attain the excellent glory of savitar The God: so may He stimulate our prayers" RegVeda 3:62:10

 (In Rig Veda “bhurbhubah swaha” is not there).

Almighty is Merciful and Sustainer.


This one hymn comes as prelude of few Upanishads, for example Kenoponishad, Kathoponishad. There are 108 Upanishads in total.
Do you know where we go after death????
Abrahamic religions prophesy that a man after death goes either to Heaven or Hell. Only a Christian, according to Thr Holy Bible goes to Heaven and all the non-Christians go to Hell, no matter how good you have done in any scale and dwell there FOREVER. Islam, on the other hand, prophesy that ONLY Muslims go to Heaven and the rest go to Hell regardless of his good tasks. In fact, they clearly declare Christians and Jews ASTRAY and decla...re the Sanatan Dharmik who believe in ONE SUPREMACY along with existence of demigods SHAYATIN i.e. evil.
The most interesting difference comes when we go through the Vedas, The Upanishads and Gita.
All the Holy Scriptures in Sanatan Dharm describe a far more standard than Heaven and Hell and that is MOKSHA. No other religion has even a bit of this knowledge. Moksha is far greater than so called Heaven and Hell and also that no singular sect but all the living beings have an option of Moksha, Heaven and Hell. According to Sanatan Dharm, whoever does good gets good, does bad gets bad and who does the best undoubtedly gets the best i.e. Moksha.
About REBIRTH in Gita:

प्राप्य पुण्यकृतां लोकानुषित्वा शाश्वती: समा:।...
शुचीनां श्रीमतां गेहे योगभ्रष्टोsभिजायते॥

A man who walks on a path towards absolution and performs tasks to attain the same but with imperfection, due to several reasons, also achieves divine worlds (sanctified worlds) i.e. Heaven (and Brahmlok, Pitarlok etc.); remains (lives) there for years and takes birth (again) in the house(s) of good charactered (cultured) people.
Gita:6:41
योगभ्रष्ट पुरुष पुण्यवानों के लोकों को अर्थात् स्वर्गादि उत्तम लोकों को प्राप्त होकर, उनमें बहुत वर्षों तक निवास करके फिर शुद्ध आचरण वाले श्रीमान् पुरुषों के घर में जन्म लेता है॥४१॥ (गीता:6:41
About REBIRTH in Gita:

प्राप्य पुण्यकृतां लोकानुषित्वा शाश्वती: समा:।...
शुचीनां श्रीमतां गेहे योगभ्रष्टोsभिजायते॥

A man who walks on a path towards absolution and performs tasks to attain the same but with imperfection, due to several reasons, also achieves divine worlds (sanctified worlds) i.e. Heaven (and Brahmlok, Pitarlok etc.); remains (lives) there for years and takes birth (again) in the house(s) of good charactered (cultured) people.
Gita:6:41
योगभ्रष्ट पुरुष पुण्यवानों के लोकों को अर्थात् स्वर्गादि उत्तम लोकों को प्राप्त होकर, उनमें बहुत वर्षों तक निEvery authentic scripture we read, disclosed by The Supreme Almighty or any soul (sage) achieved the wisdom, speaks the same on that ONE SUPREME DIVINE ALMIGHTY. Here we share one verse from Shri Guru Granth Sahib. 

Please SHARE.
वास करके फिर शुद्ध आचरण वाले श्रीमान् पुरुषों के घर में जन्म लेता है॥४१॥ (गीता:6:41
Swami Vivekananda made a strict demarcation between the two classes of Hindu scriptures : the Sruti and the Smritis. The Sruti, by which is meant the Vedas, consist of eternally and universally valid spiritual truths. The Smritis on the other hand, are the dos and donts of religions, applicable to society and subject to revision from time to time. Vivekananda felt that existing Hindu smritis had to be revised for modern times. But the Srutis of course are eternal - they may only be re-interpreted.




Please check this verse in Yajur Ved.
Realize, pray and give like. Prayer power changes.

Love
Devotion
Happiness
Heaven
Earth
Pleasure
Bliss
Space
LIKE COMMENT SHARE.

Why Almighty created universe at all? Is there any answer of this question in His Scriptures? 

It is the rule of action that has driven Almighty to create the universe and everything visible and non visible. The Wheel of Brahman to revolve. Authentic Scriptures of Almighty can be the right source for most authentic answer of such queries. 

Bhagavad Gita 8: 17. Those who know the day of Brahma, which is of a duration of a thousand Yugas (ages), and the night, which is also of a thousand Yugas’ duration, they know day and night.

Bhagavad Gita 8: 18. From the unmanifested all the manifested (worlds) proceed at the coming of the “day”; at the coming of the “night” they dissolve verily into that alone which is called the unmanifested.

Bhagavad Gita 8:19. This same multitude of beings, born again and again, is dissolved, helplessly, O Arjuna, (into the unmanifested) at the coming of the night, and comes forth at the coming of the day!

And everything is for action;

Bhagavad Gita 3: 22. There is nothing in the three worlds, O Arjuna, that should be done by Me, nor is there anything unattained that should be attained; yet I engage Myself in action!

Bhagavad Gita 3: 24. These worlds would perish if I did not perform action; I should be the author of confusion of castes and destruction of these beings.
Who wrote Vedas? All Hindus must know.

Vedas were not written. Vedas are revelation of Adorable Almighty. Wish this verse may reach to all Hindu brothers and sisters across the globe with the exact answer of who wrote Vedas? Please give LIKE and SHARE to reach all.
Let us know what do Vedas say about theism and Krishna. Is there any mentioning in Vedas that Lord Krishna is the Supreme? What do Vedas preach, Monotheism or Polytheism?

त्रीणि पदा वि चक्रमे विष्णुर्गोपा अदाभ्य:। अतो धर्माणि धारयन्।।
विश्वरक्षक, अविनाशी विष्णु तीनों लोकों में यज्ञादि कर्मों को पोषित करते हुए तीन चरणों में व्याप्त हैं अर्थात् शक्ति धाराओं (सृजन, पोषण, परिनर्तन) द्वारा विश्व का संचालन करते हैं।...
(ऋक्: भाग 1: प्रथम मन्डलम्: सूक्त: 22)
Eternal Lord (Vishnu), the protector/savior of the universe(s), funding (operating, sustaining or fostering) Yajnas, pervades by three steps (of His) in the world. With the three branches/divisions of power (or energy) i.e. power of Generation; power of Sustenance or Operation and Dispeller of negativity and bringing a godly/Dharmik change {=>GOD}, he controls (or manages or rules) the world(s).
(Rigveda: Part 1: 1st Mandalam: Sookta 22: Verse/Hymn 18)


We are aware of
G= Generator;
O= Operator
D= Destroyer or Dispeller of Negativity and bringer of godly change.
See all the powers reside or are in authority of Our Lord. See, The Vedas do preach Monotheism
What happens to the soul after death? 

Here is the answer. Almighty sermons in Yajur Ved.

Swaha to the vital breathings with their controlling lord, the soul.
To earth Swaha ! To Agni Swaha !
To Firmament Swaha !
To Vayu Swaha ! To Sky Swaha ! To Surya Swaha !...
Yajur Ved 39:1

He who knows Me as unborn and beginningless, as the great Lord of the worlds, he, among mortals, is undeluded; he is liberated from all sins. Bhagavad Gita 10:3
Almighty reveals the secrets of creation in Yajur Ved.

Yajur Ved 17:31. O people ye do not know God, Who has produced those creatures,Who is away from the irreligious and separate from soul and matter, and being; present in all is still distant ; as ye are sunk in the darkness of ignorance ; occupied with the discussion of partial truth and untruth, engaged in the enjoyment of carnal pleasures, and abandoning the practice of yoga, are busy with controversy over the meanings of words.


 हे मनुष्यों! जिस परमेश्वर ने इस सम्पूर्ण ब्रह्माण्ड की रचना की है,उसे आप लोग नहीं जानते। वह परम तत्त्व सबसे भिन्न होकर भी सबके भीतर प्रतिष्ठित है। अन्धकार के व्यापक अन्धकार से घिरे हुए केवल वार्ता या विवाद में लगे हुए मात्र प्राण रक्षण व पोषण की चिंता से संतप्त लोग उस परमेश्वर के सम्बन्ध में व्यर्थ विवाद करते विचरते हैं। उसका साक्षात्कार नहीं कर पाते।
ं(यज्●17:31)

Where Atman (soul) resides in our body and how can we separate that?

Here is the answer from Almighty’s Scripture. Please share in your wall for all. :)
PLEASE SHARE IN YOUR WALL. 

Om Saha Nau-Avatu |
Saha Nau Bhunaktu |
Saha Viiryam Karava-Avahai |
Tejasvi Nau-Adhii-Tam-Astu Maa Vidviss-Aavahai |
Om Shaantih Shaantih Shaantih ||

Meaning:
1: Om, May God Protect us Both (the Teacher and the Student),
2: May God Nourish us Both,
3: May we Work Together with Energy and Vigour,
4: May our Study be Enlightening, not giving rise to Hostility,
5: Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.
Good New Morning. Happy New Year. 

Om Thath Savithur Varenyam Bhargo  Devasya  Dheemahi  Dhiyo  Yo  Nah Prachodayath. RegVeda 3:62:10

"May we attain the excellent glory of savitar The God: so may He stimulate our prayers" RegVeda 3:62:10
In question of our worshiping of sun, moon, fire and alike by other monotheism faiths quoting verses from, 

Yajur Ved 32:3 “There is no image of Him whose glory verily is great. He sustains within Himself all luminous objects like the Sun etc. May He not harm me, this is my prayer. As He is unborn, He deserves our worship”, 

Or, quoting Swetasvatara Upanishad chapter 6 verse 19 “No one can grasp Him above, across, or in the middle. There is no likeness of Him. His name is Great Glory”, 

the answer is simple that these two verses are just two pixels of the big picture and Almighty confirms verily of worshiping through idols/picture/photo/statue/fire and the ideal is THAT ONE ALMIGHTY (we already shared from Bhagavad Gita also the sermon of Lord Krsna : The God incarnation).

Please find hereinbelow one relevant verse from Yajur Ved and share for understanding of all and answer any misrepresentations by any one. 

We are to share more and let we clear in this process the misconception of monotheism believers.

The Holy Vedas clearly mentions that earth revolves around the sun. 

The Catholic Cleric, Copernicus elaborated on that theory and is often credited with the "discovery." However it was really a combination of Copernicus' conjecture combined with observations of Galileo and calculation of Johannes Kepler that proved it.

The Divine Creator, Almighty, who has given mankind with this revelation in the Holy Vedas on creation, maintenance and annihilation is omniscient.
Our Divine Creator: Almighty is so clear on CREATION OF THIS UNIVERSE in so many places in His Revelations in the Holy Vedas. Find these two verses from Chandogya Upanishad. 

BIG BANG.

Image : google search.
यान्ति देवव्रता देवान्पितृयान्ति पितृव्रताः।
भूतानि यान्ति भूतेज्या यान्ति मद्याजिनोऽपि माम् ॥
देवताओं को पूजने वाले देवताओं को प्राप्त होते हैं; पितरों को पूजने वाले पितरों को प्राप्त होते हैं; भूतों को पूजने वाले भूतों को प्राप्त होते हैं और मेरा पूजन करने वाले भक्त मुझको ही प्राप्त होते हैं। इसलिए मेरे भक्तों का पुनर्जनम नहीं होता ।
(गीता: 9: 25)
...
Only the Supreme can give supreme i.e. Moksha मोक्ष, liberation from the cycle of life and death. The 25th verse of the 9th chapter of the Gita clarifies that Krishna is the Almighty, the Supreme one and only one whom the Vedas, the Upanishads deal with and He is who, on attaining, bestowes to His worshippers liberation.
Glory to the Supreme Being, the YagyaPurusha, the Viraat Purush, the Manifest form of the Unmanifest.
यान्ति देवव्रता देवान्पितृयान्ति पितृव्रताः।
भूतानि यान्ति भूतेज्या यान्ति मद्याजिनोऽपि माम् ॥

देवताओं को पूजने वाले देवताओं को प्राप्त होते हैं; पितरों को पूजने वाले पितरों को प्राप्त होते हैं; भूतों को पूजने वाले भूतों को प्राप्त होते हैं और मेरा पूजन करने वाले भक्त मुझको ही प्राप्त होते हैं। इसलिए मेरे भक्तों का पुनर्जनम नहीं होता ।
(गीता: 9: 25)

Only the Supreme can give supreme i.e. Moksha मोक्ष, liberation from the cycle of life and death. The 25th verse of the 9th chapter of the Gita clarifies that Krishna is the Almighty, the Supreme one and only one whom the Vedas, the Upanishads deal with and He is who, on attaining, bestowes to His worshippers liberation. 

Glory to the Supreme Being, the YagyaPurusha, the Viraat Purush, the Manifest form of the Unmanifest. 
Jai Shri Krishna
There is an authentic consistency between the Vedas and the Gita. 

Even the Vedas call Krishna as the Almighty God. 

Glory to Krishna.

SEVEN. सात. Sieben. Sette. Семь. siete

Seven breaths: Pran, Apan, Saman Vyan, Udan, Devdutt, Dhananjaya.

Seven flames: Kali, Karali, Manojava, Sulohita, Sudhutnravarna, Sphulingini, Vishvarupi. These have been spoken as seven tongues in the text.

Seven organs: Nose, tongue, eye, ear, skin, mind, intellect. These are called seven Rishis.

Seven Mansions: birth, place, name, religion, wealth, action, salvation. 

Seven priests: the seven organs of perception.

Sevenfold manner: Seven Rishis perform their duties in connection with the subject concerned, i.e. eye with seeing, ear with hearing, tongue with speaking etc.

In the centre is the soul force. From that original place there flow seven streams of (1) Egotism (2) Mind (3) Ear (4) Touch (5) Eye (6) Taste (7) Smell. The stream of egotism is flowing in the field of arrogance. The stream of mind waters the field of contemplation. The stream of ear coursing through ears is flowing in the field of words. 

The stream of touch, through skin is flowing in the field of touch. The stream of eye, through eyesight, is flowing in the field of sight. The stream of taste is flowing from the tongue in the field of relish. Similarly the stream of smell is flowing through breath in the nostrils.

These seven streams coming out of the soul, in a state of profound sleep begin to flow inside and are absorbed in the soul. In a waking state, they begin to flow out of the soul and work in the world. These seven streams are the seven Rishis, the seven rays and the seven hands of the soul.

Be attentive for that Ishvar may come in any guise. Ranging from the guise of the most subtle, atoms to the the infinite. Thus, respect all as the embodiment of that Brahm. 

Who says that Ishvar can't take the guise deliberately? 
The learned ones could describe His various guises. 

What we know today about the various guises of that Brahman are the divine visions of that Brahman. 

Every being is the embodiment of that Brahman only the thing is to be able to realize it. 

The infinite Incomprehensible aspects of that Brahman. 

ॐ तत् सत्
Revealed by our Divine Creator, the VEDAS: the KNOWLEDGE, has everything required to be known. Already we have seen verses on creation, embryology, accounting, revolving of earth and rotation around sun, equator, being the extreme limit of earth.
Decimal system comes from Almighty, the Divine Creator, Who revealed that in Yajur Ved.
Millions and billions of bricks are used in the construction of a big house or a grand altar. The house and the altar strongly built are a sourc...e of comfort and happiness like the milch-kine. Daily performance of Havan is necessary to elevate our soul in this world and the world to come. God has in this verse preached the science of Arithmetical digits, which can be multiplied ad-infinitum.
They may be one, and ten, and ten tens, a hundred, and ten hundred, a thousand and ten thousand and a hundred thousand, a lac and ten lacs, a million, and ten millions, a crore, ten crores, hundred crores, thousand crores, its ten times Maha Padma, its ten times Shankh, its ten times Samudra, its ten times Madhya, its ten times Prardh. May these bricks of my altar be a source of happiness to me, like milch-kine in this world and the next world.
Yajur Ved 17:2
Ima me agna istakaa dhenbah santweka cha dasa cha dasa satang cha satang cha sahasrang cha sahasrang chajutang chajutang cha nijutang cha nijutang cha prajutang chaarbudang cha nyabudang samudrascha madhyang chantyascha paraardhaschyita me agna istaka dhenbah santyamutramusmilloke


LIKE+SHARE+TAG

Formation of cloud is clearly defined in the Holy Vedas.

बादल के गठन स्पष्ट रूप से पवित्र वेदों में परिभाषित किया गया है.

মেঘ গঠন পরিষ্কারভাবে পবিত্র বেদ মধ্যে সংজ্ঞায়িত করা আছে |

Background photo source : google search.
WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF FOOD ON ONE’S MIND? 
Is there any? 

Yes, it is. Please read and share.

"The mind, consists of food, the prana of water and speech of heat."

The subtlest part of food becomes mind as mentioned in Chhandogya Upanishad in Part 6 Chapter 5.
The Vedas clearly says that both male and female have rights in education and King of the State is to arrange the same. Here is the verse of expression from Yajur Ved.


AUM. Namaste.

Dear Sisters and Brothers, let us post, share, like, tag and display the sermons, disclosures, doctrines, preaching from our Scriptures more than ever before to create a consciousness that how Hinduism offers a code of universal principles with manifold deductions arrived at from different standpoints.

It is like a huge banyan tree, with thousands of branches and twigs, so that even its followers have to be reminded that any one of the twigs or branches is not the tree. The stem of this tree lies in the Vedas from which it sprang long before the dawn of human civilization in many parts of the world and the one sure index to find out whether any doctrine or ideology appertains to Hinduism is to inquire whether it acknowledges the authority of the Vedas or conforms to the essential principles as embodied in their philosophical part known as Upanishads or the Vedanta. All the other scriptures of the Hindus derived their authority from the Vedas and final so far from Almighty in incarnation Lord Krsna through Bhagavad Gita.
Let us take this test. Please comment with the serial no./nos. based on the symptoms in you at the moment.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Under normal circumstances, consciousness evolves linearly as well as step wise. The different bodies or forms to accommodate a specific consciousness being are already arranged by nature within a cosmic plan (BG 9:10). A complete verse is there in Padma Purana for that which echoes why so many species are there as well on this earth. One gets human form of life after having changed 8.4x10^6 other forms of life. 

Since the biological forms impose a limitation in the development of consciousness hence different degrees of consciousness are expressed through these different bodies. Vedanta divides the degrees of consciousness into 5 broad categories:

acchadita (covered) : Trees and hurbs
sankucita (shrunken) : animals, birds, insects
mukulita (budding) : Human
vikasita (blooming) :Human
purnavikasita (fully bloomed) : Elevated Human.

Human beings are budding consciousness and have a potential to bloom. Human beings have the innate ability to develop their consciousness to an almost unlimited extent, up to the point of knowing the Absolute Truth. Other species do not have that.

Consciousness continues to evolve in the way of 5 degrees because the goal of life is to attain moksh (sacchidananda state of consciousness). So life is distinct from the material bodies it inhabits. And a  process to inquire about Absolute Truth, one's bud-like spiritual consciousness beings to expand. That is blooming state of consciousness. Finally attainment of transcendental realization, God consciousness  or fully bloomed state of consciousness gets achieved.

All forms of human inquiry should be utilized in search for Absolute Truth. Albert Einstein one remarked, “The important thing is not to stop questioning. Curiosity has its own reason for existing. One cannot help but in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvelous structure of reality. It is enough if one tries merely to comprehend a little of this mystery everyday”.

Each verse on consciousness in Vedantasutra is a treasure.





IN THE BEGINING [all] this verily was Atman only, one and without a second. There was nothing else that winked. He bethought Himself: "Let Me now create the worlds".
-The Aitareya Upanishad: Part 1: Chapter 1: Verse 1
ॐ अहं वृक्षस्य रेरिवा। कीर्तिः पृष्टं गिरेरिव। ऊर्ध्वपवित्रो वाजिनीव स्वमृतमस्मि। द्रविणँ सवर्चसम्। सुमेधा अमृतोऽक्षितः ॥
|| AUM TAT SAT ||

:: POWER THE SELF FROM THE WORDS OF DIVINITY ::
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Thanks to all, who likes, commenting, sharing and viewing. This is an awareness program of our Holy Scriptures. 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

One more shloka (verse) from the Holy Vedas that mentions “I” which refers to God.




During the 'Waking' state of Soul (Ātman), Ātman is known by the technical name- Viśva or Vaiśvānara.-----The BRIHADĀRANYAKA UPANISHAD: 4: 2: 2
It uses various sense organs and Its instruments to experience the physical world. But, Waking, like Dreaming is Māyā. The real Self in either state remains unknown. The real Self remains unattached by whatever it experiences in a state.
"The self that functions in the "Dream" state is called 'Taijasa' (Taijasātman or Taijas-Ātman)"-----The Brihadāranyaka Upanishad: 4: 2: 3
NOTE:...
Ātman neither dreams nor wakes up. Ātman never changes. It remains the same. Ātman only witnesses all the experiences of a person in different states. So-----

Ātman, while witnessing the experiences of a person while he is dreaming is called "Taijasa".
The Taijas Ātman, which functions during the dream state becomes Prājna during 'Dreamless' sleep.
~The Brihadāranyaka Upanishad: 4: 2: 4
The dreamer passes into profound sleep, and in this state Ātman is known by the technical name, "Prājna" (Prājnena-Ātman).
As Brahman has no origin one can never know Its origin, howsoever great one may be. Brahman is the source of everything. It is the Ultimate Cause.
Yama said to Nachiketā: "The goal which all the Vedas declare, which all austerities aim at, and which men desire when they lead the life of continence, I will tell you briefly: it is Om [Aum] (ॐ)".

-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 15 In the Rigveda (Aitareya Upanishad) it is beautifully explained that the demigods and the entire universe are the parts of the Purusha (Ishvar) [The Supreme Cosmic Being], as is manifested by Ishvar during the Mahabharata (the Gita: Chapter 11).
The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 22
Atman is one with the Supreme Self i.e. Brahman.
Om Tat Sat
If the killer thinks he kills and if the killed man thinks he is killed, neither of them apprehend aright. The Self kills not, nor is It killed.
~~~~~The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 19
"Neither he who thinks that the Self is the slayer nor he who thinks the Self is killed apprehends aright because, in actuality, the Self kills not, nor is It killed"
~~~~~The Gita: 2: 19
Yama said to Nachiketā: "The goal which all the Vedas declare, which all austerities aim at, and which men desire when they lead the life of continence, I will tell you briefly: it is Om [Aum] (ॐ)".
-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 15
"It goes well with him who, of the two, takes the good, but he who chooses the sense pleasures misses the Self Knowledge which is the end of human effort."
-----The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 1: 2: 1
"It is within the power of every man to choose either of the two ideals; but the majority cling to worldly pleasures. They are indeed short-sighted and devoid of judgement"
...
"Both the good and the pleasant present themselves to a man. The calm soul examines them well and discriminates between the Real and the Unreal and prefers the good to the pleasant; but the fool chooses the pleasant out of greed and avarice."
-----The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 1: 2: 2
The MOST POPULAR part of the Katha Upanishad.
NOTE:
...
In continuation to yesterday's post.

The MOST POPULAR part of the Katha Upanishad.

NOTE:

The jivatma is the embodied/individual soul under the influence of maya, bound by the senses, the objects and the mind. Sometimes it is also transliterated as "atman" (with a small 'a'). This "atman" must not be confused with "Atman" (with a capital 'A') which refers to the inmost essence, the 'Self' knowing which one attains Liberation (Emancipation). The jivatma is the embodied/individual soul under the influence of maya, bound by the senses, the objects and the mind. Sometimes it is also transliterated as "atman" (with a small 'a'). This "atman" must not be confused with "Atman" (with a capital 'A') which refers to the inmost essence, the 'Self' knowing which one attains Liberation (Emancipation).
HARIH AUM! "Aum", the word, is all this [i.e. the whole Universe]. All that is past, present and future is indeed, Aum. And whatever else there is , beyond the threefold division of time-----that also is truly AUM.
----------The Maandukya Upanishad: 1: 1
'Hari' is an epithet of Godhead. The invocation of Lord's name at the beginning of any undertaking is considered auspicious.
It is Om"-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 15
"This Om is the best support"-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 17
"It is Om"-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 15

"This Om is the best support"-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 2: 17

"The syllable 'Om' is the Supreme Brahman and also the other Brahman"-----The Prashna Upanishad: 5: 2

"Meditate on Atman as 'Om'; "Om, this word, is Brahman"-----The Taittiriya Upanishad: 1: 8: 1

Om is the symbol of both Brahman and Atman and also the means of realizing their true nature. "The syllable 'Om' is the Supreme Brahman and also the other Brahman"-----The Prashna Upanishad: 5: 2
...
"Meditate on Atman as 'Om'; "Om, this word, is Brahman"-----The Taittiriya Upanishad: 1: 8: 1
Om is the symbol of both Brahman and Atman and also the means of realizing their true nature.
The EVIL that follows from lack of self-control:
"If the buddhi, being related to a distracted mind, loses its discrimination and therefore always remains impure, then the embodied soul never attains the goal, but enters into the rounds of births"
-----The Katha Upanishad: 1: 3: 7
...
A man lacking discrimination and inner serenity comes under the sway of his senses. When the senses remain unrestrained, a man commits sin, which in its turn pollutes the mind. This consequently results in Rebirth in this Samsara, contrary to the actual goal, Liberation [Emancipation] [Moksha]
Holy Scriptures's photo.
"Holy Scriptures wishes you a very auspicious GURU PURNIMA".
Study the UPANISHADS-----SIT DOWN NEAR Guru to attain Brahmavidya [Self-Realization] and ultimately Liberation.
"Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized souls can impart knowledge unto you because they have seen the truth"...
----------The Gita: 4: 34

"In order to realize that Brahmavidya one must go to the Guru"
----------The Mundaka Upanishad: 2: 2: 12
In the beginning [all] this verily was Atman only, one and without a second. There was nothing that winked, nothing that was active. He [God] bethought Himself: "Let Me now create the worlds"
----------The Aitareya Upanishad: 1: 1: 1
आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीत्।
नान्यक्तिंचन मिषत्। स ईक्षत लोकान्नु सृजा इति।।
...
The phrase, "Atman-one and without a second" refers to the singularity of universe. In the beginning the universe existed as one without any differentiation of names and forms. Everything like planets, stars and galaxies existed in seed form together as one dense mass. They did not exist as separate entities.
Even according to the 'Big-Bang' theory, the universe existed as singularity, single dense mass.
Now the question is: "Does not That same non-dual Atman exist even now?"

He [Atman/ GOD] created these worlds [spheres]: Ambhah (the sphere of water bearing clouds i.e. sky), Marichi (the sphere of solar rays or inter-space), Mara (the sphere of mortals), and Ap (the sphere of waters). Ambhah is beyond Dyuloka, above the heaven and heaven is its support, Marichis are the inter-space, Mara is earth and what is underneath is Ap, the nether worlds and underground water.
----------The Aitareya Upanishad: 1: 1: 2
स इमाँल्लोकानसृजत। अम्भो मरीचीर्मरमापोs...दोsम्भ: परेण दिवं द्यौ:प्रतिष्ठान्तरिक्षं मरीचय:। पृथिवी मरो या अधस्तात्ता आप:।।
So, the Aitareya Upanishad enlists FOUR spheres created by Atman [GOD].
According to Geography too, earth has been categorized into FOUR spheres just the categorization is a bit different but mostly identical at the same time.
Lithosphere is earth's crust.
Hydrosphere is earth's water. (rivers, lakes, oceans etc)
Biosphere is where living beings live.
Atmosphere is air and sky.
When we correlate, Ambhah consists of clouds i.e. sky like Atmosphere;
Marichi consists of the solar rays similar to Atmosphere, i.e. air blanket surrounding the earth where the rays of sun fall directly on earth.
Mara consists of living beings identical to the Biosphere.
Ap consists of the nether worlds and underground water identical to the Lithosphere together with a small portion of the Hydrosphere i.e. hard land + underground water.
He [Atman/ Brahman/ God] bethought Himself: "Here now are the worlds. Let Me now create world-guardians ." Right from the waters He drew forth the Cosmic Person [Viraat PURUSHA] [विराट् पुरुष] in the form of a lump and gave Him a shape.
----------The Aitareya Upanishad: 1: 1: 3
स ईक्षतेमे नु लोका लोकपालान्नु सृजा इति ।
सोsद्भय एव पुरुषं समृद्धृत्यामूर्छयत् ।।
...
NOTE:
This Cosmic Person and an ordinary man are not the same thing. Here the Cosmic Person refers to the first manifestation of Unmanifest Brahman i.e. Saguna Brahman. This Cosmic Person is what Krishna shows Arjuna prior to the battle of Mahabharata i.e. the Universal form or Viraat [विराट् रूप].
This Cosmic Person is the totality of everything in universe, every deity, every place and every tangible thing. All the deities and tangible things are a part of Him as manifested by Krishna during the Mahabharata.
The PURUSHA SUKTA of the Rigveda presents an elucidating description about the Purusha. The Yajurveda: 31st chapter also has the same. The Gita and the Upanishads are filled with an elaborate discussion over PURUSHA.
Evolution of different deities from various parts of Virat [Cosmic Being/Person] [विराट् पुरुष].
He [Atman/Brahman] brooded over [through tapas (तपस्) i.e. austerities or by intense thinking in case of Atman] the lump with which He gave a gross shape to His first manifestation, the Cosmic Person (पुरुष).
1. First the mouth was separated out, from mouth, speech and from speech-----FIRE (अग्निदेव) [the deity presiding speech (mouth)]....
2. Then the nostrils were separated out, from them, breath [prana] [प्राण]; from breath-----AIR (वायुदेव) [the deity presiding breath].
3. Then the eyes were separated out; from eyes, sight and from sight-----SUN (सूर्यदेव) [the deity presiding sight (eyes)].
4. Then the ears were separated out; from ears, hearing [shrota] (श्रोत) and from hearing-----the quarters of space or cardinal points (DISHAH) [दिशा] [the deity presiding hearing (ears)].
5. Then the skin was separated out, from the skin, hairs, from hairs, plants, trees and herbs etc and from them-----The deity of Forests.
6. Then the heart was separated out; from heart, the mind (manas) [मनस्] and from the mind-----MOON (चन्द्रदेव) [the deity presiding mind (heart)].
7. Then the navel was separated out; from the navel, APANA, and from APANA-----DEATH (Yama) [यम] [the deity presiding APANA (navel)].
8. Then the generative organ was separated out; from the generative organ, semen and from semen-----WATERS (वरुणदेव) [the deity presiding the generative organ]

----------The AITAREYA Upanishad: 1: 1: 4
NOTE:
Evolution of different deities from various parts of Virat [Cosmic Being/Person] [विराट् पुरुष].

He [Atman/Brahman] brooded over [through tapas (तपस्) i.e. austerities or by intense thinking in case of Atman] the lump with which He gave a gross shape to His first manifestation, the Cosmic Person (पुरुष).

1. First the mouth was separated out, from mouth, speech and from speech-----FIRE (अग्निदेव) [the deity presiding speech (mouth)].
2. Then the nostrils were separated out, from them, breath [prana] [प्राण]; from breath-----AIR (वायुदेव) [the deity presiding breath].
3. Then the eyes were separated out; from eyes, sight and from sight-----SUN (सूर्यदेव) [the deity presiding sight (eyes)].
4. Then the ears were separated out; from ears, hearing [shrota] (श्रोत) and from hearing-----the quarters of space or cardinal points (DISHAH) [दिशा] [the deity presiding hearing (ears)].
5. Then the skin was separated out, from the skin, hairs, from hairs, plants, trees and herbs etc and from them-----The deity of Forests.
6. Then the heart was separated out; from heart, the mind (manas) [मनस्] and from the mind-----MOON (चन्द्रदेव) [the deity presiding mind (heart)].
7. Then the navel was separated out; from the navel, APANA, and from APANA-----DEATH (Yama) [यम] [the deity presiding APANA (navel)].
8. Then the generative organ was separated out; from the generative organ, semen and from semen-----WATERS (वरुणदेव) [the deity presiding the generative organ]

----------The AITAREYA Upanishad: 1: 1: 4
NOTE:

The evolution of only a few deities is enlisted here and not all the deities. Only the deities presiding respective organs are enlisted here. The presiding deity (devata) [देवता] or the conscious element is the one which animates the organ. The presiding deity or a Devata is [just] an (one) aspect of the all-pervading Consciousness (Brahman) associated with its respective organ. The presiding deity is the guardian of that particular organ.
The deities presiding different organs and elements evolve from various parts of Virat [the Universal Cosmic Being who is also known as Purusha] (विराट् पुरुष). The evolution of only a few deities is enlisted here and not all the deities. Only the deities presiding respective organs are enlisted here. The presiding deity (devata) [देवता] or the conscious element is the one which animates the organ. The presiding deity or a Devata is [just] an (one) aspect of the all-pervading Consciousness (Brahman) associated with its respective organ. The presiding deity is the guardian of that particular organ.
The deities presiding different organs and elements evolve from various parts of Virat [the Universal Cosmic Being who is also known as Purusha] (विराट् पुरुष).


The Cosmic Person, PURUSHA, [VIRAT] who is the totality of the world-guardians [deities] [Devatas] [demigods or gods] is non other than BRAHMAN.
As we learnt from the 1st Chapter of the Aitareya Upanishad that in the beginning the planets, galaxies, stars and everything that exist did not exist as separate entities but altogether as one dense mass. At this time Brahman's MAYA [the illusionary power of Brahman] was inactive because of which there was no differentiations of na...mes and forms.
The many things in this universe and the universe itself that we know, with all different names and forms [like water is different from table both in name and form] are all illusion superimposed upon Brahman through Maya.
BRAHMAN Himself has projected Himself as the whole universe by His illusionary power, MAYA. BRAHMAN has manifested Himself as the universe through His power of MAYA.
Similarly, there is no difference between BRAHMAN and PURUSHA. Both are one God and the same. The only difference is that Brahman has projected Himself as PURUSHA through MAYA i.e. Purusha is the effect of Maya whereas Brahman's Ultimate form is beyond Maya. PURUSHA is the manifestation of the unmanifest, formless Brahman superimposed through MAYA.
PURUSHA is the totality, the aggregate of all the Deities [Devatas] [everything in the universe]. Devatas are body parts of Purusha. So, if one worships Purusha one is actually worshiping all the Devatas at the same time. Worshiping Purusha means worshiping Brahman and all the Deities at the same time.
Let us worship Purusha. Let us worship Brahman. Let us worship all the Deities put together leaving no one left out.
Brahman subjected the deities (Devatas) [देवता] to 'Hunger' and 'Thirst'. The deities said to Brahman-----"Find out an abode for us wherein being established we may eat food"
The Deities chose Human Body as their abode and, on the command of Brahman, entered into it:
Brahman subjected the deities (Devatas) [देवता] to 'Hunger' and 'Thirst'. The deities said to Brahman-----"Find out an abode for us wherein being established we may eat food"

The Deities chose Human Body as their abode and, on the command of Brahman, entered into it:

FIRE became the speech and entered the mouth. AIR became breath and entered the nostrils. The SUN became sight and entered the eyes. The QUARTERS of SPACE (CARDINAL POINTS) became hearing and entered the ears. Lord of Forest (sometimes classified as AIR) became hair and entered the skin. The MOON became the mind and entered the heart. DEATH became the Apana and entered the navel. The waters became the semen and entered the genital organ.

Both the organs and their presiding (controlling) deities entered the body. The text indicates an interrelationship between man and nature, and the various Cosmic Forces which control them.

----------The Aitareya Upanishad: Part 1: Chapter 2 FIRE became the speech and entered the mouth. AIR became breath and entered the nostrils. The SUN became sight and entered the eyes. The QUARTERS of SPACE (CARDINAL POINTS) became hearing and entered the ears. Lo...rd of Forest (sometimes classified as AIR) became hair and entered the skin. The MOON became the mind and entered the heart. DEATH became the Apana and entered the navel. The waters became the semen and entered the genital organ.
Both the organs and their presiding (controlling) deities entered the body. The text indicates an interrelationship between man and nature, and the various Cosmic Forces which control them.
----------The Aitareya Upanishad: Part 1: Chapter 2

The best way to respect everything and everyone in the universe is by respecting [worshiping] Brahman.
आकाशात् पतितं तोयं यथा गच्छति सागरं ।
सर्व देव नमस्कार केशवं प्रति गच्छति ॥
...
As the rain drops falling from the clouds (sky) ultimately go [merge] in the ocean,
Devotion to any Deity goes to Brahman [Iśvar].
As we have learnt from the 1st Chapter of the Aitareya Upanishad that the Deities are the body parts of Brahman [VIRAT PURUSHA], we may say that devotion to any deity [a portion of Brahman] goes to [a portion of] Brahman Himself. Similarly, devotion to Brahman [complete body, aggregation of all the body parts] automatically goes to all the deities [parts of the body, VIRAT PURUSHA = Brahman].
Let us take a small illustration:
We have different body parts: hands, legs, belly, back etc. Now, if we pour water only on our belly we can say that water touches our body. Similarly, if we pour water on our back, again, we can say that water touches our body. Although water, in this case, touches only a part of our body not the entire body but still it is correct that water touches our body as the part of our body that water touches is not different from our body. The body-part is an integral part of our body itself. So, anything related to the parts of our body is directly related to the entire body.
Similarly, devotion to any Deity, which is a body part of VIRAT PURUSHA [Brahman], verily goes to Brahman [the entire body].
Now, if we pour water on the entire body, automatically water would touch all the parts of the body.
Thus, devotion to Brahman [the entire body] automatically goes to all the deities [the body parts].
Having entered the body, Atman [thus embodied] has three abodes therein.
----------The Aitareya Upanishad: 1: 3: 12
What are the three abodes of Atman as jivātmā [individual soul] in the body of a Jiva?????
...
1. The Right Eye-----Atman dwells in the right eye during the waking state-----Vaiśvānara;
2. The Mind-----Atman dwells in the mind during the dream state-----Taijasa;
3. The Heart-----Atman dwells in the space [ākāśa] in the heart during deep sleep-----Prājnena.
----------The Māndukya Upanishad: 3, 4 and 5
also,
----------The Brihadāranyaka Upanishad: 4: 2: 2-4
In the beginning all this manifested universe was non-existent. From it was born what exists. That [i.e. Brahman described as non-existent] created Itself by Itself; therefore it is called 'Self-Made' [Sukritam] [सुकृतम्]
That which is Self-made is flavour [rasa (रस) or essence]; for truly, on obtaining the flavour one becomes blissful.
----------The Taittiriya Upanishad: 2: 7In the beginning all this manifested universe was non-existent. From it was born what exists. That [i.e. Brahman described as non-existent] created Itself by Itself; therefore it is called 'Self-Made' [Sukritam] [सुकृतम्]
That which is Self-made is flavour [rasa (रस) or essence]; for truly, on obtaining the flavour one becomes blissful.
----------The Taittiriya Upanishad: 2: 7

The syllable OM, called the UDGITHA, should be meditated upon; for people sing the Udgitha, beginning with OM.
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 1: 1
The syllable Om is uttered at the beginning and the end of a hymn. The same Om is a symbol and the dearest name of the Supreme Self. The text describes its symbolic nature.
UDGITHA is a hymn of the Samaveda. A part of the ritualistic worship laid down in the Samaveda, this hymn is sung at the time of a sacrifice. Om, again, is a part of the Udgitha hymn.
The essence of all these beings is earth; the essence of earth is water; the essence of water is plants; the essence of plants is a person; the essence of a person is speech; the essence of speech is the Rigveda; the essence of the Rigveda is the Samaveda; the essence of the Samaveda is the UDGITHA [which is OM {AUM} (ॐ)]
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 1: 2
एषां भूताना पृथिवी रसः पृथिव्या आपो रसः। अपामोषध यो रस ओषधीनां पुरुषो रसः पुरुषस्य वाग्रसो वाच ऋग्रस ऋचः साम रसः ...साम्न उद्गीथो रसः॥
The word, "रस" in the text is explained in different ways-----as essence, origin, support, end cause, and effect. Rasa (रस) originally means the sap of trees. That sap may be conceived either as the essence extracted from the tree, or as what gives vigour and life to a tree. In the former case, it might be transferred to the conception of effect, in the latter to that of cause.
In our sentence it has sometimes the one, sometimes the other meaning.
Earth is the support of all beings; water pervades the earth; plants arise from water; man lives by plants; speech is the best part of man; the Rik (Rigveda) is the best part of speech; the Saman (Samaveda) is the best extract from the Rik and the UDGITHA i.e. OM ॐ is the crown of even the Saman (Samaveda), the highest of all.
"I [God] am OM"-----Shri Krishna [the Gita: 7: 8, 9: 17, 10: 25]
"OM is verily Brahman"-----The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 5: 1: 1
"He who meditates on OM with the intention-'I shall attain Brahman' does verily attain Brahman [Liberation] [मोक्ष]"-----The Taittiriya Upanishad: 1: 8: 1
...
"I [God] am OM"-----Shri Krishna [the Gita: 7: 8, 9: 17, 10: 25]

"OM is verily Brahman"-----The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad: 5: 1: 1

"He who meditates on OM with the intention-'I shall attain Brahman' does verily attain Brahman [Liberation] [मोक्ष]"-----The Taittiriya Upanishad: 1: 8: 1

NOTE: The eight position in the verse is in relation to the series of 7 essences in verse 2 [previous post]. It means the Ultimate i.e. the Supreme position. In the end of all the essences the Ultimate and the Supreme One we reach in the end is OM i.e. Brahman. 

स एष रसानाँ रसतमः परमः परार्ध्योsष्टमो यदुद्गीथः।----------छान्दोग्य उपनिषद्:१: १: ३
NOTE: The eight position in the verse is in relation to the series of 7 essences in verse 2 [previous post]. It means the Ultimate i.e. the Supreme position. In the end of all the essences the Ultimate and the Supreme One we reach in the end is OM i.e. Brahman.
स एष रसानाँ रसतमः परमः परार्ध्योsष्टमो यदुद्गीथः।----------छान्दोग्य उपनिषद्:१: १: ३
By the means of this [syllable] [OM] [ॐ] the threefold knowledge proceeds [the Samaveda, the Rigveda and the Yajurveda]. When the [adhvaryu] priest gives an order [in a sacrifice], he says OM. When the [hotri] priest recites [the hymn], he says OM. When the [udgatri] priest [sings] the Saman, he says OM. All this is done for the glory of the Imperishable Atman [Brahman] by the greatness of That syllable [ॐ] and by Its essence."
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 1: 9
तेनेयं त्रयी विद्या वर्तत ओमित्याश्रावत्योमिति शॅ सत्योमित्यु़ढ्गायत्येतस्यैवाक्षरस्यापचित्यै महिम्ना रसेन ॥ १: १: ९ ॥
This syllable OM is used to give assent, for wherever one assents to something, one says OM (yes).Now, what is assent is gratification. He who knows this and meditates on the syllable OM, the Udgitha, indeed, obtains all his desires.
---
When a man has mastered the Rigveda he loudly utters "OM" [ॐ]; he does the same when he has mastered the Samaveda and the Yajurveda. The SVARA is the symbol 'ॐ'; it is immortal and fearless. The gods, by entering it [i.e. by meditating upon It], became immortal and fearless.
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 4: 4
-------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 1: 8
One should meditate on the Udgitha [OM] [ॐ] as the VYANA. That which one breathes out is the PRANA and that which one breathes in is the APANA. That which is the junction of the PRANA and the APANA is the VYANA. This VYANA is speech. Therefore, when one utters speech one stops the PRANA and the APANA.
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 3: 3

Speech is uttered by means of VYANA. People neither breathe in nor breathe out when they speak.One should meditate on the Udgitha [OM] [ॐ] as the VYANA. That which one breathes out is the PRANA and that which one breathes in is the APANA. That which is the junction of the PRANA and the APANA is the VYANA. This VYANA is speech. Therefore, when one utters speech one stops the PRANA and the APANA.
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 3: 3
Speech is uttered by means of VYANA. People neither breathe in nor breathe out when they speak.
This [Prana] and that [Sun] are the same. This is warm and that is warm. This [Prana] they call, "Svara" [स्वर] (what goes out), and that [sun] they call, "Pratyasvara" [प्रत्यास्वर] (what returns). Therefore one should meditate on Udgitha [OM] as this [Prana] and that [sun].
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 3: 2

When the vital breath [prana] "goes out" at the time of death, it never returns to the corpse, but the sun, after having set, "returns" the next day.This [Prana] and that [Sun] are the same. This is warm and that is warm. This [Prana] they call, "Svara" [स्वर] (what goes out), and that [sun] they call, "Pratyasvara" [प्रत्यास्वर] (what returns). Therefore one should meditate on Udgitha [OM] as this [Prana] and that [sun].
----------The Chandogya Upanishad: 1: 3: 2
When the vital breath [prana] "goes out" at the time of death, it never returns to the corpse, but the sun, after having set, "returns" the next day.





O God. Thou pervade and appear before absolutely truthful learned persons and also before men of thoughtful nature. Thou manifest the glory, so that the whole world may attain happiness. Thou shine to show the path of salvation. Therefore Thou art worthy of communion by all. 

Rig Ved 1:50:5
ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF UPNISHAD